What Is Mixed Martial (MMA) Arts and Its Influence for Martial Art World?

In 1995, president of Battlecade, Rick Blume coined this term of Mix Martial arts. It is a combat sport and consists of techniques and skills from different martial art and non-martial art sports. This amalgam makes MMA very special. It consists of grappling as well as striking techniques.

Pankration was a mixed form of martial arts consisting of striking as well as grappling techniques and this sport was a part of ancient Olympics. The strategies of Pankration are very much similar to those of the modern form of MMA. In 1899 a MMA combat was held in London in which European and Asian fighting styles were combined together. It was known as Bartistu.

In the United States, first MMA championship was held in 1993 and according to some experts it has evolved more since then as compared to the past 700 years of its history. It is becoming popular day by day mostly because of the fact that it doesn’t merely consist of techniques and skills from one type of combat sport. Amalgamation of grappling with striking techniques makes it a very important form of combat sports.

There are many positive aspects of mixed martial art. Its pay per views are popular and are showed to general audience. In this way people get to know about martial art. There is an increase in audience of this sport, hence making it popular day by day. With the increasing popularity of MMAs, it is being developed and evolved on scientific basis.

Martial art training methods are now being based on scientific and modern techniques. Everyone usually accepts and like a sport with scientific explanation. So, scientific approach can be very helpful for us in various ways. It can help us in getting rid of the traditional exercises which are not of much use and have no scientific explanation. Useless exercises are of no good and can even harm the body.

There are certain negative aspects of increasing popularity of MMA too. First of all, it makes people think that all the styles of martial art are violent and have no other use. Moreover, increasing popularity of mixed martial art will bring drugs into this sport too. These drugs have negative effects on human body and spirit of the sport usually dies by using them.…

A Look at the Intriguing History of Snowboarding

To say who actually invented the sport of snowboarding would be impossible because people have always loved to slide down a snow-covered hill. Soaring through the snow on some kind of seat or board is nothing new. The ways to enjoy the snow are numerous, and people have devised ways to turn garbage can lids and cardboard into “snow boards” to enjoy an afternoon frolic outdoors. The various ways to glide through snow have become more sophisticated and have evolved into using polished boards or skis in much the same manner as a surfboarder would ride a wave.

There have been many attempts at developing a modern snowboard. In 1965, the “Snurfer” (a word play on ‘snow’ and ‘surfer’) was developed as a child’s toy. Two skis were bound together and a rope was placed at the front end to afford control and stability. Over 500,000 “Snurfers” were sold in 1966 but they were never seen as more than a child’s plaything even though organized competitions began to take place. The year 1969 brought a slightly more sophisticated snowboard based on the principles of skiing combined with surfboard styling.

The “Flying Yellow Banana” was developed in 1977. This was nothing more than a plastic shell covered with a top surface like that of a skateboard, but at the time it was considered a major advance in the little known sport of snowboarding. The first national snowboard race was held in the area outside Woodstock and was known as “The Suicide Six.” The race consisted of a steep downhill run called The Face in which the main goal was probably mere survival.

Snowboarding continued to increase in popularity over the next several years. In 1985 the first magazine dedicated specifically to snowboarding hit the news stands with huge success and furthered the popularity of this exciting sport. Hoards of fans began to organize regional events and pretty soon snowboarding events were held in all parts of the world. In the year 1994 snowboarding was finally declared an Olympic event, much to the delight of fans. The not-so-new sport of snowboarding was finally recognized and meant a huge victory for serious snowboarders across the globe.

A collection of snowboarding tricks and stunts was released on video in 1996. Filmed in Alaska, the breathtaking beauty and captivating snowboarding techniques featured in the video exposed snowboarding to a new generation, and by 1998 snowboarding constituted almost 50{5807dd84655f4134ecd9e5329f6029a509ca345e8618f0c2e20323bdeed6de70} of all winter activity. Today, nearly all ski resorts accept snowboarders. There are still a few holding on to the past but this is unlikely to continue as the number of snowboarders continually increases.

From the first crudely built snowboards to the advanced and specialized models available today, snowboarders have carried a “bad boy” image. This rebel reputation is still common today in spite of the fact that snowboarding appeals to men, women, and children of all nationalities and social groups. At most major ski resorts you can find snowboarding gear, information, and lessons. Olympic and world …

San Jose Flea Market


Vendors at the San Jose Flea Market

The San Jose Flea Market is still family owned and operated. Although there is now a staff of 500 service employees and controlled by Ogden Entertainment Services, the Bumb family oversees all management of the market. Brian Bumb Sr., son of George Bumb Sr., now supervises and is part owner (15.7{5807dd84655f4134ecd9e5329f6029a509ca345e8618f0c2e20323bdeed6de70}) of the San Jose Flea market among his other brothers, George Bumb Jr., and Timothy Bumb, who each have 14.1{5807dd84655f4134ecd9e5329f6029a509ca345e8618f0c2e20323bdeed6de70} ownership. Other members of the Bumb family own vendor stalls, work at food carts, and have managerial positions within the flea market. Joe Bumb, cousin of Brian Bumb, owns American Precious Metals, an open-air store within the flea market that now sells mostly jewelry. Joe Bumb store revenue totals approximately $100,000 a month. On any given Sunday, a visitor can find Joe and a handful of his children helping their father at the family store.

On Site


A Mariachi band performing at San Jose Flea Market

The eight miles (13 km) worth of aisles allows for over 2000 vendors to sell an array of goods. With a population and land mass larger than some small towns, the flea market is a major contributor to the income of many Silicon Valley families. Some of the treasures found at the landmark include jewelry, furniture, clothing, fruits, vegetables, shoes, collectables, toys, books, lamps, batteries, car stereo equipment, paintings, power drills, lamp shades, lipstick, and forks.

Along with the material items sold at the flea market, there are twenty five food vendors. Restaurants sell delicacies from burritos to French fries and freshly cooked meats on the outdoor barbecue in order to satisfy the tastes of the large clientele the Flea Market serves daily. There are also snack carts for shoppers on the run that offer delicious treats. Some of those include mango and pineapple spears on a stick, cold sodas, and churros. The largest section of the Flea Market is Produce Row which stretches a quarter of a mile through the market and contains vegetables and fruit from California farmers.

The atmosphere is like none other. To accompany the sweet and savory smells of the food, there is the sound of constant music playing. Since the Flea Market attracts people from a wide range of backgrounds and ethnicities, the songs played from vendor stands reflect the Market varying tastes. So, it is no surprise that an authentic Mexican mariachi band will be playing as a Beach Boys song is heard a few minutes later. There are also a carrousel, arcade, and three playgrounds for children.

The diversity of people, food, and music at the San Jose Flea Market epitomizes the melting pot on which California Bay Area prides itself.


To keep his family tradition of education in the Roman Catholic Church, George Bumb Sr. established Saint Thomas More School on the flea market property in 1978 . His grandchildren were the first to attend the school, but when St. Thomas More was relocated …

How to Setup a MMA Gym at Home

How to Set up a MMA Gym at Home

If you are serious about your mixed martial arts training, then you know your training is not confined to the dojo. Much of a serious mixed martial artist’s training occurs outside of the dojo. If you want to train on your own, at your own pace, then having your own MMA gym at home is completely indispensable.

How can you go about setting up your own MMA gym at home? There are only a few bare necessities that are absolutely necessary for a proper gym, and a few which will add immense value to your training environment.

Lets begin by considering how you can turn any given empty room in your house into a training area. A great room that can be transformed into a MMA gym at your home would be an attic, an extra bedroom, a garage, or a basement. Essentially, all you need is enough empty space to move about while training, and a ceiling high enough to accommodate your heavy bag.

Once you have chosen a room, you should go about clearing out the floor space and covering it with some high density padding. High density padding will help absorb the impact from takedowns and constant movement barefoot. While it should be high impact padding, it shouldn’t be too soft because if it is you will not be able to move properly on it. The right type of floor covering is available from most martial arts suppliers online.

Now that you have prepared the flooring, the next step would be finding a suitable anchoring for a heavy bag. A heavy bag is exceptionally important for striking and kicking technique training. It should be heavy enough to absorb your hardest attacks so you can progressively get stronger. Another great item to have in your home gym is a two sided bag which is fastened to the ceiling as well as the floor. This will allow you to train your reflexes and coordinate your strike timing.

Along with the two bags, a speed bag or jump rope are great additions to your home gym. A few kettlebells and a sandbag piled in the corner can make great training aids. If you add a pullup bar, you will be prepared for hardcore renegade MMA training in the comfort of your own home.

Another aspect of your home gym you should take note of is air flow. Having a decent flow of fresh air is extremely important when pushing yourself to the limit during a MMA training session. This can be supplied by an open window or a door and a fan. Low oxygen levels will have a detrimental effect on your ability to train at your higher intensity levels.

Now that you have a training area with a heavy bag and flooring, there is only one last thing you could add to maximize your MMA home gym That is mirrors. Mirrors are a great way to sharpen your own skills …

Who Invented Track and Field? – A Short History of the Sport

Like many of today’s action sports, track and field has its origins in the first Olympics in Greece. When you begin to investigate who invented track and field, you find that, again, like soccer, track and field disappeared during the “dark” ages, and reappeared with modern organization during the 1800’s.

Since they did not have jeeps and tanks and trucks in the ancient world, soldiers took pride in their athleticism. Running was one of the very first competitive sports, and it is a favorite of today’s games as well. There is some dispute as to exactly when the Olympic Games began, with a gap in guesses from 776 BC to as early as the ninth or tenth century BC.

There was a gap in the games as well, during the Middle Ages. In 1896, they were again held in Athens, as organizers tried to bring back the ancient tradition. One feature of these games was what is now known as a “marathon race”. It was called “marathon” to honor the run made by Pheidippides in 490 BC from the Greek city of Marathon to Sparta. He ran the entire day in order to warn fellow soldiers of Persian invasions at Marathon. That distance was about 149 miles; today’s races are about 26 miles, considerably shorter. When London hosted the 1908 Olympics, their “marathon” run was 26 miles 385 yards (42,195 kilometers), from starting point to the stadium.

So, if you want to consider who invented track and field, you might want to give that honor to Pheidippides. However, bronze tripods were discovered that pre-date his run, to the tenth century BC, that some believe may have been awards for earlier games at Olympia. Or, if you want to look at the more sophisticated development of track and field, consider the year 1849, in England, when the Royal Military Academy organized their first track and field meet. Perhaps they should receive credit for who invented track and field?

Ancient games eventually expanded to include more races, boxing, wrestling, and a pentathlon with five running, throwing, and jumping events. In the US, organized track and field events date from the 1860’s. Collegiate and amateur groups were formed here in 1873 and 1888 respectively. Organized sporting events for men grew with the first NCAA national championships in 1921. Women, who had only recently received suffrage in the US, were included in the games in 1928. Making history, in 1952, the Soviet Union sent its first teams to the Olympics. The fierce competition between the USSR and the USA ran for the duration of the Cold War, over the next 30 years. In standard Olympic tradition, wars are suspended for the duration to enable all countries to participate in peace.

Today, favorite events include multiple sport competitions in the Pentathlon (5 sports), Heptathlon (7), and Decathlon (10). The Athletics Congress (US), and the International Amateur Athletics Congress determine the sporting rules. Games are limited to amateurs; professional athletes cannot participate or they are banned.…

Signed Mini Helmet – How Much Are These Worth?

When you begin to collect your favorite football teams signed mini helmet its not hard to think of the potential value they may have in the future when they win a Superbowl or a franchise player gets recognized as a influential figure in the NFL, ex. Brett Favre (great player just no Superbowl ring as of this article).

Here's a simple example showing how much a signed mini helmet can vary, depending on a few factors. First, if its totally authentic with a picture of the player signing, the player is really good and its in great condition you can expect a up $ 500. For example, an authentic signed mini helmet from Dan Marino has sold $ 500.

On the other hand a Reggie Bush non authenticated signed mini helmet will put you back about $ 150 and a replica will cost around $ 20.

It all depends on the type of collector you are. Some people like to get the most authentic and rare items and others are totally satisfied with a replica. Legit stuff is always nice because it makes you feel like you're more a part of the team.

If you choose to purchase a big ticket signed mini helmet over the internet make sure the seller has been in business for some time, so you cred they are not some fly by night scam artist. Call the contact number an speak with the seller to make sure they will respond if you have any questions. Ask for a authentication number and verify it is indeed authentic. Another way to protect yourself against fraud would be to purchase it with a credit card rather than a debit card, since most credit cards these days offer some type of insurance on your purchases. …

: Online Casino

is considered to be an activity that involves betting on the outcome of a contest, playing a game for money, or paying for the opportunity to enter a lottery. It is a very old form of entertainment and one that will be with us as long as we continue betting. The pleasure of comes from the very real risk of losing even your most prized possession. On the opposite side, comes from wagering valuables or material things one can not afford to lose. In a nutshell, though how entertaining it is has its own advantages and disadvantages.

, which most people would really enjoy, could be of many different forms which include scratch tickets, pull tab tickets, bingo games, mahjong, charity raffles, lottery tickets, betting on sports games or casino games.

Casino games can be considered most common among people and it is commonly played in almost every country around the world. These days people could be entertained by just playing casino games online. Online casinos, also considered as internet or virtual casinos are online adaptations of traditional casinos that most people liked playing many years ago.

A casino game is similar with the land-based casinos that offer odds and payback percentages. Some of them claim higher payback percentages for slot machine games and make known to people payout percentage on their websites or homepages. The payout percentage for the games, being played by gamblers is established by the rules of the game.

Today, most people seem to be bombarded with lots of negative things. For this reason, they would really take up though just from time to time yet soon it becomes their habits.

is undeniably fun and casinos create an exhilarating atmosphere, and there is always that slim chance of winning a fortune. Today whatever game you desire playing, the casinos available online could always provide you fun and excitement. It easy to find virtual casinos and if you have already chosen the game you want to bet on then you have to get ready and make a deposit, you will be entitled for some terrific first deposit bonuses for sure.There are various online casinos that could provide players free casino credits which can be credited into their real player account once they have met all wagering requirements.

Various online casinos with no deposits could provide players free of charge bonuses to try out the casino games available. Some casinos offer or give players up to $ 150 of free bonuses but on the other hand, the normal amount a casino could give is between $ 10 up to $ 25 only. Most online casinos have their own verification process to make sure the gambler or the person playing is really the one whom registered. This is to ensure their protection.

Here is a few of the casino sites that you could play at online.

How Today's Voters Are Too Much Like Sports Fans

They will support their team regardless of how bad they suck or how terrible they are performing.

Teams have slogans that the fans will not only advertise for free, but actually pay for.

They will then wear the slogan loud and proud everywhere they go like a walking billboard.

When a fan sees another fan sporting the same logo as them, they become instant friends and agree about everything.

When they see someone sporting the rival team's logo, they become instant enemy combatants and disagree about everything regardless of substance.

Scandals, cheating, bad performance, horrible track records and lying does not affect the opinion they have on their team. It only emphasizes the idea that someone is making stuff up, the fact that it was an accident, or it's all lies.

One team's fans will show up to the other team's game just to show their team's slogan off and let the other team know how much they suck.

If someone critiques your team, they basically just stabbed you in the soul.

If someone complements your team, you feel as if you have been personally complemented because you feel as if you are solely responsible for your team's success.

When one team is winning, they belittle the losing team.

When that team starts losing, they attack and become violent to the other team's supporters.

Fans will put their team's logo on their vehicle so people behind them know how serious they are about that team.

When there is a traffic confrontation and the person who was at fault happens to be sporting a team's logo, that person is immediately judged by the team they support and nothing else.

If a team won, it is as if it was a personal achievement among the fan and he was solely responsible for the win.

If a team lost, the game was rigged and the winner cheated.

Some broadcast agencies favor a team and give biased opinions that are claimed to be fair and neutral.

Other broadcast agencies make it their agenda to scrutinize every move a team makes, rendering them incompetent regardless of the true circumstances.

When someone who does not have a team, is asked by someone who does have a team: "Who is your team?"

The smart person responds "I do not have a team."

That's because the smart person does not need a team to force views and opinions into his head. He understands that politics should not be looked at as a partisan view where one side is bad and the other is good.

Politics must not be treated as a sport.

Politics must not be focused on winning

Politics should be focused on policy and substance.

And that's it.

People despise the other party, not based off the policies, but loyalty to their own party. This is the same driving force that causes people to dislike other sports teams.

FSU fans do not dislike Alabama fans because they have good players, great plays, and good management … …

Niagara University


College of Arts and Sciences

The College of Arts and Sciences forms the foundation of the Niagara University’s curriculum and serves as the basis for its designation as a liberal arts college. All Niagara students complete a portion of their coursework in the College of Arts and Sciences, as numerous general education courses are housed within this unit.

A majority of Niagara’s academic departments and faculty are housed within Arts and Sciences, including: Biochemistry/Chemistry, Biology/Life Sciences, Communications, Computer Science, Criminal Justice, English, History, International Studies, Liberal Arts, Mathematics, Modern Languages, Nursing, Political Science, Philosophy, Psychology, Religious Studies, Sociology, Social Sciences, Social Work, and Theater Studies.

The College of Arts and Sciences also offers Master’s degrees in both Criminal Justice Administration and Interdisciplinary Studies.

On October 8, 2008, Niagara University announced that a $10 million gift, the largest gift in the university’s history, had been made to the College of Arts and Sciences by B. Thomas Golisano, the CEO of Paychex and the owner of the Buffalo Sabres. The gift will fund a new science building, to be known as the B. Thomas Golisano Center for Science. The project is scheduled for completion by 2011.

College of Business

With programs in Accounting, Business Administration, and Commerce, the College of Business continues to enhance its academic standing at the local, regional, and national levels. Each year, students in the College of Business conduct tax return processing as a community service for area residents.

On January 23, 2006, the University announced a gift of $5 million from College of Business alumnus Gerald Bisgrove, Class of 1968. At the time, it was the largest single gift in Niagara’s 150-year history. $4.5 million of this gift has been appropriated to expand the College of Business facilities. Groundbreaking occurred on this project in May 2006, and Bisgrove Hall was opened to the public in August 2007. The remainder of Mr. Bisgrove’s gift will be allocated to academic scholarships in the College of Business.

College of Education

Niagara has a long-standing commitment to training teachers for K-12 schools. Education students major in the College of Education and choose a concentration in the College of Arts and Sciences. Student teaching takes place in area schools, many of which are located in rural or low-income urban districts.

College of Hospitality and Tourism Management

The College of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Niagara’s newest, is an offshoot of earlier tourism programs at the university. The College includes course offerings on tourism, hotel, restaurant, recreation, and sports management. Many students supplement their classroom experience with internships in local hotels as well as luxury hotels around the world. In addition, the College boasts a popular study abroad program in Lake Como, Italy.

The College of Hospitality and Tourism Management is ranked 6th in the nation among hospitality programs. In recent years, graduates have a near-100{5807dd84655f4134ecd9e5329f6029a509ca345e8618f0c2e20323bdeed6de70} job placement rate. Faculty members come from around the world and most hold the terminal degree in their field. The College is located on the top floors …

Useful Information About Boxing

The sport of boxing started when two individuals engaged in a fight using their fists. The Greeks are believed to be the first to formalize the sport during the Olympic Games in 688 BC. During the Roman era, the sport of boxing became increasingly popular and boxers wore leather bands around their fists for protection. Some of these bands contained metal strips that caused significant injuries to either opponent.

After the fall of Rome, the sport was not as popular, but was revived in the 18th century when James Figg held the heavyweight title for over 20 years. In the Industrial Revolution the game was known as the workingman?s sport with matches resembling street fights, rather than an organized event.

In 1773, English born Jack Broughton became the second heavyweight champion. The bouts became more organized at that point and rules and regulations came into play. Hitting below the belt was banned, and matches were decided using the point system. The bouts were held in a ring with spectators sitting around the squared off area – much like today’s fights.

Today, boxing competition is divided into a set number of rounds, three minutes long with a one-minute rest period between each round. Championship bouts usually last for 12 rounds, but because there is no real governing body, rules vary from state to state in the US. Judges determine the winner using scorecards as the fight goes on. There is a referee who determines if illegal moves are made or if a fighter is too injured to continue the match. In some cases, the referee calls a “knockout” when an opponent has been knocked down or knocked out.…