The Origin of Soccer

Although it may be impossible to accurately state when and where the game of soccer originated, history has shown us glimpses of a game similar to our present day version being played for over 3000 years.

Around the 2nd or 3rd Century BC, it was documented that the Chinese military during the Han Dynasty played a game involving kicking a ball into a small net.

A game similar to soccer was played by the ancient Greeks and Romans but their game could include up to 27 players on a side compared to the modern day game of 11 players to a side.

Soccer became one of the most popular sports of the masses due to its popularity as a war game. A game of “football” which the British called it, was played in the east of England during the 8th Century where the head of a defeated Danish Prince was used as the ball.

During medieval times, villages and towns were pitted against each other in game battles that could take all day. There were no structured rules to abide by and kicking, biting, gouging and punching turned the game into a virtual battle of survival. These matches became so violent that the English authorities made many attempts to have soccer banned.

King Edward III from England passed laws in 1331 to abolish the game and Queen Elizabeth I had a law passed that provided a one week jail sentence for anyone caught playing soccer.

Despite these efforts, the game of soccer became so popular in England over the next few centuries that it evolved as the most popular sport of its time.

At this point, the only shortcoming of the sport was its lack of rules or standards. In 1815, Eton College, a famous English school, established a set of rules to be implemented by other schools, colleges and universities.

A standardized version of these rules were later adopted in 1848 by most of England’s colleges and universities that were known as the Cambridge Rules.

Unfortunately, at this point, there were still two different sets of rules being used. Some colleges favored the Rugby Rules which allowed carrying the ball with your hands, tripping and kicking to the shins. which were contrary to the Cambridge Rules.

In 1863, The Football Association was created by eleven English soccer clubs and schools to establish a single set of rules to be enforced when they played against each other.

The supporters of the Rugby School rules objected to the changes and the two groups split apart. The Football Association later changed the rules in 1869 where they forbade the use of hands, except by the goalie, which led us to the game of soccer as we know it today.

The English still called it a game of “football” because the ball was played primarily with the feet but in the late 18th Century, the word, “soccer”, was first used by a student of Oxford University by the name of Charles Wreford Brown. …

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Sports and Hobbies in France

Sports is a popular pastime in France with football, judo, tennis and basketball dominating the sporting arenas. France also involves itself in grand racing car events, bicycle racing also making its presence felt in the world of tennis and martial arts.

Popular sports

The most popular sports is soccer but the French have a known taste for speed and endurance in car and bicycle racing, grace and precision in tennis and soccer, as well as the rough and tumble spectacle offered in the two rugby styles of League and Union

Bicycle racing – The Grands Tours of France are renowned worldwide as being the oldest and most prestigious. One of them, the Tour de France is the world’s most famous cycling event.

Motor car racing – Endurance racing in sleek and fact sports cars is a test to the limit for both driver and car at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. The race is rated as the most famous held on the speed track of Sarthe.

Tennis tournaments – The Grand Slam tennis tournaments are a spectacle to watch on the French turf. One of the four Grand Slam tournaments known as the French Open is played and so is the Paris Masters.

Olympic Games – A French aristocrat by the name of Pierre de Coubertin was the inventor of the modern Olympic Games by his enthused call for a revival of the Games at the end of the 19th century. The hosting of the first Games went to Greece as a fitting gesture for the landwhere the Games were born. France hosted the second Games in 1900 and became the first home for the International Olympic Committee. Since then, France has hosted 4 Olympic Games, with one again in Paris in 1924 and 3 Winter Olympics in 1924 (Chamonix); another in 1968 (Greoble) and the third Games in 1992 (Albertville)

Soccer – This is the favourite sport of the French crowds in which team members don the blue shirts and tri-colour shorts during matches toting their patriotism. The national soccer team gained immense success and popularity starting in the 21st century by winning the FIFA World Cup in 1998, a second place in the same series in 2006 and 2 European Championship victories in 1984 and 2000. The Ligue 1 is the country’s top national competition.

Rugby Union – This is another popular sports with a huge following especially in the Paris area and south western France. The national rugby team has gathered an impressive array of victories winning 16 of the Six Nations Championship series. It took part in Every Rugby World Cup; it reached the semi-finals 6 times and became a finalist in 3 games in the Rugby World Cup.

Rugby League – The southern crowds of spectators adore this variance of rugby football. Venues are found mainly in the cities of Perpignan and Toulouse. The topmost league for the competition in Europe is the Super League but for local professional competition, the Elite One Championship …

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Disadvantages of Some News Media

News media are the tools that are used in order for us to acquire knowledge about everything that happens around us everyday. These may be political news, insurance news or even sports, but all of these play a very important role upon completing our day. They are pieces of information that equips us with a complete knowledge in order to help us cope up with our daily tasks and duties. However, these tools for dispersing news have their own set of disadvantages and here they are.

  1. Newspapers – Despite the fact that this is the most popular source of news, it has the largest disadvantage. The information that was reported earlier could possibly be different from the news in the evening. Also, even though newspaper is the most convenient medium, you have to stack them away after you read it which may possibly be a cause of fire because newspapers are one of those things that could attract fire very easily. Another thing is, posting advertisements in these papers requires a big amount of money therefore the advertiser needs to cut the message as short as it could be. Cutting the message short could sometimes lead to misconception of the readers.

  2. Magazines – These glossy newspaper-like mediums are expensive and cannot be afforded by everyone and like the newspaper, all of the information posted there costs a lot that is why almost all the news in it are summarized and cut short.

  3. Television – Although the television is considered the most preferred news medium by everybody, they still create an impact to our society especially to children. Televising violent actions, robbery, criminal acts and many more may pollute the minds of children and make them think that violence is a normal thing in our world. That is why parents should always accompany their children when watching these programs so that they could explain to them what is really happening around them. Another disadvantage is we can never be sure whether the news that they are reporting are pure facts. Always keep in mind that these news programs belong to certain channels that protect specific parties. That is why they have all the power to manipulate and reverse what really happened if they want. This fact can lead to the total confusion of the viewers that may even lead to war.

  4. Internet – We can get all sorts of things from the World Wide Web and like the television, we can never be sure of the information that we are getting. Leaving the children alone in front of a computer is like leaving them outside the open world where violence and evil deeds are continuously done.

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Strength Training For Basketball – Weight Training Tips to Make You a Dominant Force on the Court

In today's game good skills are not enough. If you get out-hustled, out-run and pushed all over the court by your opponent, they're going to beat you, even if they have less talent.

Strength training for basketball players is essential for success in today's game, even at the high school level, and is for all positions from guard to center. A good weight training program can transform your game, helping you to go up stronger, drive the lane harder, hold your own in the key and last for more minutes on the court, which means better stats, more wins and better chances of a scholarship .

In this article I'm going to show you 3 weight training principles that will help you to gain more muscle mass, but keep it functional, strong and explosive, which will help you to play better basketball.

Progressive Overload

The idea of ​​progressive overload is a muscle building principle that top bodybuilders use and has been proven as one of the most effective techniques to help skinny guys pack on muscle mass and gain crazy amounts of strength.

The technique relies on constantly increasing the amount of weight you lift each time you go to the gym, so that your body is always forced to adapt and grows muscle faster to compensate for the increased load.

Making progressive overload a part of your strength training for basketball workouts will ensure you are constantly building muscle mass AND increasing strength and power.

High Intensity and Periodization

Making sure your strength and weight training for basketball workouts are high intensity is a second key factor in increasing your strength. Many guys fail to keep their workouts at a high intensity with short disciplined rest periods.

You need to get in and get out of the gym, in less than an hour. Performing your workouts at high intensity will help you do this, plus you'll see an added benefit in increased strength and muscle size.

Periodization is important to keep your workouts varied and prevent you seeing a plateau in your muscle and strength gains. It relies on you changing up your workouts regularly so that your body does not get used to one type of training.

This is especially important for basketball players as your strength training for basketball routines need to be flexible and varied anyway, reflecting the different physical aspects of the game – strength and power, speed and agility, and explosiveness.

3: 1 Rep Tempo For Explosiveness

To improve your explosiveness try incorporating a 3: 1 tempo in your strength training for basketball routines. For example, if you are performing a bench press, the down part should take you 3 times longer than the up part (which should be explosive).

This technique is a great way to work on your explosiveness and recruit maximum muscle fibre throughout the exercise, giving you an added bonus of extra gains in muscle mass. …

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Otomix Wrestling MMA Combat Shoes Product Review

Most athletic shoes for sports that require any amount of running have a slightly raised heel. This pitches your weight a bit more over the ball of the foot offering a faster transition for the first step of a run and better ability to pick up or maintain speed. This style of shoe offers the best ergonomics for the most efficient way to run. However in most combat sports, athletes perform in smaller areas and do very little actual running. These activities are better performed wearing shoes with a completely flat sole. The problem is the selection of flat-soled athletic shoes pales in comparison with the millions of raised heel running footwear for sale. One of the best and most popular flat-soled athletic sneakers is made by a brand named Otomix. This company has been making original and authentic performance workout shoes since 1988. Flat soles make Otomix footwear a top choice for combat athletes such boxers, wrestlers, martial artists and mma fighters. However all the different styles are excellent for any weight lifting and of course looking great when lounging around away from the gym.

Otomix wrestling and boxing workout shoes are high top w/incredible ankle support from thickly padded sides. They also offer some of the best low top athletic shoes designed specifically for martial arts training. Otomix shoes are well known for lasting practically forever. They are not the cheapest priced athletic sneakers you will find, however the price is worth the quality you will get. All styles are made with the most premium quality materials and expert craftsmanship for incredible durability. No matter what you want them for, Otomix combat weight lifting shoes are very lightweight and excellently balanced. All styles are built for comfort, support and performance that will improves the quality of your training translating into more wins and success in your sport. Another great feature of Otomix combat shoes is their fantastic look that will add more style to your appearance and swag in your step.

While traditional martial artists train in bare feet, many are finding better performance from the added support and traction of a good karate shoe. Otomix mma and martial arts combat footwear offers additional support for the arch while they hug the mid-foot and heel for a snug but comfortable fit. Otomix martial arts shoes and boots also offer great protection for the toes when kicking an opponent or heavy bag. Besides the glove-like, comfortable feel, these extremely lightweight karate shoes have a soft sole with tread designed for best gripping traction on carpets, training mats, ring floors and even tile. The flexible sole allows the wearer to really feel the floor, enhancing balance and kicking power while also providing an effective safeguard against ankle or foot injury. The Otomix karate shoe is perfect for mixed martial arts training, Taekwondo, Karate or sports performed on mats and even Yoga.

When it comes to flat soled shoes, you will find boxing shoes to be the flattest. This is so …

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Watch Boxing & MMA Free

If you’re just a regular, run of the mill fight fan and like watching two guys duke it out you know that this is not the best time to be a fan of combat sports.

Everything’s either on pay per view or premium cable and, in this day and age there isn’t enough money to watch all the fights that we want. 60 bucks here, 50 bucks there is hard on most people and downright impossible on some budgets.

Totaled, pay per view events will likely run you over two thousand dollars…and that’s not taking into consideration premium channel charges for channels like HBO and Showtime and regular cable fees. It’s all coming out of your pocket because there are no combat sport events on free TV anymore.

This is where Pirate Boxing comes in.

Pirate Boxing is a subscription service that allows you to watch all the fights for one fixed fee of $15 for 6 months or $20 for 1 year. If you’re not saving time and money with Pirate Boxing, our pledge it to give you DOUBLE your money back!

Every week, Pirate Boxing sends an email detailing the upcoming fight action and the specifics on how to view it all. It’s real simple to use (no tech knowledge is needed) and all fights can be seen in outstanding quality. I didn’t have to download any intrusive hardware and we won’t try to nickel and dime you with extra charges.

Pirate Boxing is dedicated to bringing all the fight action right to you for as little as the price of a cheeseburger!

Check it out for yourself here: Pirate Boxing

Plus, for a limited time only, receive a special bonus.…

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The Sport of Mountain Biking

The sport of mountain biking is one of the best active sports you can do for a number of fitness reasons and depending on what style of mountain biking you partake in, it can be also a great deal of fun as well as keeping you fit at the same time.

People are usually unaware of how may muscles you use when riding a mountain bike, and how quickly you can burn calories off riding a bike as it can be an extremely good work out for the body.

If you plan on riding cross-country along different styles of trails, riding a bike can be quite a task. So if you riding over a vast distance up and down hills, along slippery single trail it can be very exhausting on the legs and the lower back.

So if you are just starting to ride bikes for the first time, please don’t just jump on the bike a go for a 20 mile ride as it may do you more harm than good. One thing that is recommended is to do short rides to start with, maybe only a couple of miles which will take no time at all on a bike to get your fitness training up to scratch before hitting the bike ride.

MTB Fitness Training

All of the major athletes of the sport will tell you that mountain bike training is vastly important and you should take part in mountain bike fitness training when ever the opportunity arises. Going on those short rides will benefit you hugely and will stop you from injuring yourself.

Parts of your body that will benefit from training are your legs. Your legs will be the first part of your body in particular that will get tired very quickly. Building up your leg muscles either at the gym or one the bike will help improve your personal and bike fitness quickly.

The more you train the better your pace and your stamina will improve. Once these two have improved you will be able to go on longer and better rides than will enhance your fitness.

One of the major benefits of riding a mountain bike on a regular basis is that in order to ride your bike you use some of largest muscles in the body which in turn will burn off fat quickly. This will of course help you to lose weight and the more you ride you bike the more weight you will lose.

When you ride your bike on flat ground at a slower speed you are still burning a great amount of calories due to the fact that you will be able to continue that pedaling motion for a longer period of time. This is also perfect for people who don’t have the stamina for a highly intensive ride at different speeds and climbs etc. Low intensity work outs also don’t give you all the extra muscle either so the weight will stay off.

In summary using a mountain …

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The 8 Basic Punches Of Western Boxing

The sport of western boxing has had a lot of fans since the early days of the late 19th century in America. Even when organized public fighting matches were still considered a crime punishable by time in jail and a fine they drew a horde of spectators. But then again, who doesn’t love a good fight?

Fighting way back then looked a whole lot different than fighting currently does. Over the years more science and research has been done, into human movement and fitness. The upright postures with hands held low that make early boxing easy to identify have been changed over the years.

In the 21st century, fighters appear more fluid, more aggressive, and in a crouched stance. Legs bent, body weight forward on toes. Unlike the fighters of yesteryear, today, a fighter today uses his hands as well as shoulders to obscure and protect that path that leads right to the “kisser”, or “button”.

The fighters main weapons continue to be his hands, while they also use a lot of holding, pushing, and leaning on strategies to wear down their opponent. With those weapons, there is generally an arsenal of 8 specific punches that a good fighter will develop. From these eight punches there is an incredible array of “combinations” that can be thrown as he tries to get past the defenses of the opponent in the opposite corner.

This list is a brief description of those 8 punches of boxing:

  1. “The Jab”. This punch is thrown from the lead hand. It’s quick, sometimes powerful and is used either to “keep your opponent off of you”, or to judge his distance while setting up a power punch.
  2. “The Cross”. This punch is from the rear hand and is a straight power punch. Usually used as a counter when your opponent throws a punch from the opposite side.
  3. “The Hook To The Jaw”. This punch comes from the lead hand from the side while keeping your elbow bent. The object is to come around the defense and connect with the side of the opponents face. The hook carries a lot of knock out power.
  4. “Rear Hand Hook”. Similar to the previous, because this punch comes from the rear, it’s generally used as a counter punch when your opponent has “left himself open”. The target could be the head as well as the body.
  5. “Lead Hook To the Body”. Again, from the lead hand “hooking” into the body. The target is mostly the ribs or kidney. This particular punch is so devastating that it, when landing successfully, has ended many, many fights with opponent still conscious.
  6. “The Overhand Punch”. This punch is a power punch also. It comes from the rear hand. It’s similar to the cross, however, it has a slight arcing motion to it. The purpose of this punch is go over the opponents targeting the face of the opponent. Imagine a baseball pitcher’s form and you’ll have the basic concept.
  7. “Lead Hand Uppercut”. The uppercut is used

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Optimal Arousal Levels for Inspiring Sports Performances

Different sports will require different optimal arousal to reach inspiring sports performances. In a game of American Football, rugby and weight lifting as you can imagine, the higher the arousal level, the greater will be strength, aggressiveness and power generated. In this type of sports, it is about overpowering your opponents for peak performance in sport. In other finer sports like archery, shooting and gymnastics, high anxiety levels may impede peak performance in sports rather than promote. Under such conditions, it is necessary to reduce our arousal levels to appropriate levels for sporting success. Competitions are unique situations that raise the excitement of the occasion. So it is necessary in all competition to manage the arousal levels experienced by athletes.

Increasing Arousal Levels

1. Listening to inspirational music

Music is a power tool to raise your levels of arousal and achieve inspiring sports performances. Prior to competition, you can listen to truly inspirational music to increase your arousal to the optimal levels. Listening to sound tracks of Rocky or similar themed music has a tremendous effect of arousal level. Be careful not to overdo it though. Know your arousal limits and maintain it there.

2. Psyching up through self-talk and team talk

Team and self-talks are also power techniques to raise arousal levels and improve inspiring sports performances. Team talks are usually carried out by the coach or captain who must skilled in this to raise the stake for the team before the game. Loud language, purposeful language and aggressive gestures are often associated with a good rousing team talk. But the best ingredient of a good motivational team talk is actually the sharing of a common objective and feeling amongst team mates. This will help everyone feel united and passionately driven for the game. In individual sports, you can either do it yourself through self-talk or more effectively through another person that is closely related to you. The coach or parent often plays this role.

3. Visualization of powerful events

You can also use visualization of powerful events to raise the tempo before your game for inspiring sports performances. For example, if you are a linebacker, you can picture your best ever sack you have done. Repeat the images over and over again so that your mind is flooded with powerful emotions of arousal. Another form of visualization that might help is envisioning the final successful outcome of your game, soaking in the celebratory atmosphere associated with winning.

Decreasing Arousal Levels

1. Breathing control

When there is a need to lower arousal level, breathing control techniques might be helpful to achieve inspiring sports performances. Once you find your heart racing too fast or you start to feel butterfly in your tummy, switch your attention and focus to your breathing. Concentrate on inhaling and exhaling slowly, focusing on each breath at a time. By slowing down a physiological response, your other anxiety responses will also slow down resulting in a calmer person.

2. Visualization of calming events

You can also …

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Boxing Gyms and How to Survive Them – 3 Golden Rules

Golden Rules to Survive Them AND Learn How to Box!

Being an active, competitive boxer requires that you attend one of the many boxing gyms scattered throughout many towns and cities across many countries all across the world. Even in those countries where professional boxing is banned (for example Norway and Sweden), there are a wealth of well-run amateur boxing gyms where the skills and techniques of the noble art are taught for a very reasonable price. To learn how to box is really one of life's cheaper pursuits (assuming the cost is not measured in blood, sweat and tears of course).

It being the case then that there are many boxing gyms and it will only be by a quirk of geography, a lack of desire to box competitively or some medical-type reason (for example acute agoraphobia) that might prevent you from joining one of the community boxing gyms to learn how to box, I wanted to write a short article to provide 3 simple rules to observe if you are about to cross the threshold of a local boxing gym in your area.

Without further ado, let's go over the simple considerations that will allow you to cope with the new environment of the boxing gym and learn how to box in double-quick time.

Rule 1:

Do not feel the need to go and spend piles of cash on sparring gloves, head-gear, boxing boots and so on. Keep it simple in the short-term. You will need as a minimum training clothes and shoes, boxing wraps and shower gear. That's it. You do not even need in the short term to buy bag gloves or a skipping rope as the gym will provide these. As time passes and you make a decision as to whether you like being around boxing gyms, you can spend your dollars on the bag gloves, skipping rope, boxing boots and gum shield. All other gear will continue to be provided by the gym.

It is worth understanding that you might want to avoid buying gloves for sparring as the coach will often want to assess their suitability to be used in his or her boxing ring. On a number of occasions I've had to disappoint boxers by refusing to allow them to wear their freshly imported and eye-wateringly expensive gloves for sparring because of the lack of padding in the knuckle area. A boxing coach's primary responsibility is to the safety of the boxers, so they will not mind at all leaving you with a very, very expensive pair of bag gloves rather than allow those gloves into their sparring ring where the risk of injury to one of his or her boxers will increase.

Rule 2:

When you join, do not feel upset that the coach does not immediately welcome you to the gym with open arms and spend every waking moment bestowing their knowledge upon you. The reality of most boxing gyms is that the coach is very, very busy and time …

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