Nike – Philip Knight’s Success Story – Famous Entrepreneurs

“Play by the rules. But be ferocious.”

Starting The Business

Like Fred Smith and the origins of FedEx, Philip Knight’s first ideas of what would become Nike Inc. came to him while he was at

school. While working on his master’s at Stanford, Knight – an accomplished runner during his undergraduate days at the University

of Oregon – wrote an essay that outlined a plan to overcome the monopoly Adidas had on the running shoe market. He thought the way

to realize this was to employ cheap Japanese labour to make a shoe both better and cheaper.

The plan was put into action shortly after graduating in 1962. Knight went to Japan to meet with the executives of Onitsuka Tiger

Co., a manufacturer of imitation Adidas runners, claiming to be the head of a company called Blue Ribbon Sports (which did not

exist, except in his mind). Knight convinced Tiger to export their shoes to the States though Blue Ribbon and had them send samples

so his associates could inspect them.

Knight paid for the samples with money from his father. He sent a few pairs to Bill Bowerman, Knight’s track coach from his days at

the University of Oregon, who became interested in the venture. Knight and Bowerman became partners and put $500 each into the

purchase of 200 pairs of Tigers. Blue Ribbon Sports was formed, and Knight began going to high school track and field events

selling the shoes from the trunk of his car.

Sales were at $3 million dollars when Knight chose to dissolve the partnership with Tiger in the early 1970s. Blue Ribbon began

producing its own line and began selling its Nike line (named after the Greek goddess of victory) in 1972. These first Nike shoes

were adorned with the now-internationally recognizable swoosh logo – which Knight had commissioned for $35 – and had the

traction-improving “waffle soles”, conceived of by Bowerman while watching his wife using a waffle iron.

Building An Empire

Blue Ribbon’s success (renamed Nike in 1978) throughout the 1970s and into the ’80s can largely be attributed to Knight’s marketing

strategy. He thought it best not to push his Nike shoes though advertising, but rather to let expert athletes endorse his product.

Fortune smiled on Knight as his partner Bill Bowerman became the coach of the American Olympic team and many of the best performers

on the team decided to shod their feet with Nikes. Of course, when the runners performed well, the shoes they wore were

highlighted. Steve Prefontaine, a brash and unconventional American record-holder, became the first spokesperson for Nike shoes.

After the tennis player John McEnroe hurt his ankle, he began wearing a Nike three-quarter-top shoe, and sales of that particular

brand jumped from 10,000 pairs to over 1 million. As Knight had hoped, celebrity athlete’s endorsements brought success to the

company. Knight also capitalized on a jogging craze, and through clever marketing persuaded the consumer that they should only be

wearing the best the best …

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The Fastest Growing Water Sport – Kayak Fishing and the Evolution of Kayaks and Fishing Hand Paddles

Paddle sports are the fastest growing water sport today. Kayaking, canoeing and rafting are now destination activities. With all the green and eco friendly activities available, paddle sports have dominated the outdoor adventure scene. Paddle sports are low impact on the environment, inexpensive, thrilling and always memorable.

Not to be left out, the fishing and sporting communities wanted in on this explosion. Kayakers, anglers and sportsmen merged concepts and technologies. Along with diversity came opportunity. New specialty equipment, gear and accessories evolved. Fishing kayaks and kayak fishing hand paddles evolved from this call to action.

With the rapid growth of paddle sports, there has been a definitive diversification of the sport into various disciplines. All the technological and manufacturing advancements have fueled the sudden increase in the sport. Kayak fisherman and kayak sportsman have recently dominated the growth in the paddle sports arena.

Kayak fishermen, also known as kayak anglers, and kayak sportsmen require specialty equipment, gear and accessories to effectively pursuit their sport. Their fishing kayaks and fishing hand paddles are specifically designed to accommodate their dynamic environments and distinctive sporting activities.

Kayak anglers and sportsmen have designed boats for easy access and mobility. Many facets of their kayak design reflect accoutrements that were found only on motorized fishing vessels. Today you can find rod holders, live wells, storage compartments, battery wells, fish finders, anchors, etc. If they can fit a specialty fishing accessory on a twelve to fourteen foot kayak, they will try to get it on there! They even have twin hulled, foot propelled and battery operated kayaks for the hard core anglers.

For ease of access and dismount, the anglers use a modified version of the sit on top kayak, or SOT. SOT’s were a natural conversion platform for kayak anglers. These boats are self bailing, meaning that any water that gets in the kayak will be drained away by gravity. Getting on and off is much easier that a sit in kayak. Turning or sliding around to access tackle or gear behind you is much simpler evolution.

With this approach to fishing from kayaks, came another conundrum that caused problems in the kayak angling community. How do you paddle and fish at the same time? Think about it. Can you hold your fishing rod and a kayak paddle at the same time?

Paddling your kayak and fishing at the same time became a comedy on the water. It takes two hands to wrangle a seven foot kayak paddle, no matter how you hold it. Throw in a fishing pole, and you soon realize you need three hands!

Kayak fishing hand paddles evolved from pioneering anglers solving this problem with ping pong paddles, Kadema paddles, modified badminton racquets and the sort. They could hold onto their fishing rod and with the other hand paddle their boat stealthily toward their prey.

It soon became apparent that flailing a seven foot paddle is not conducive to shallow water, or skinny water fishing. The fish can see you! The …

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How to Punt the Football

Punting is a very important part of the game. Punters like kickers are the most closely scrutinized players on the field. Unlike the other players who can jump off sides, start to early, the punter does not get a second chance unless the defense has a penalty. Each punting situation is different. You need to know how to punt the football for each set of circumstances. Do you punt away, quick kick or employ a rugby style kick. Regardless you punters have to get it right the first time. This article will give you the basics of how to punt the football.

Preparing to punt

Preparing to punt starts with your stance. Balance in your stance is vital, have your legs about shoulder width apart and your kicking foot about a half foot width behind your non punting foot.

Your body is squared with line of scrimmage and your arms bent in an L shape with your hands in front of you.

How to receive the snap

With your body squared to the line and hands in front, you are ready to receive the snap. Your eyes must be focused on the long snapper and the ball. Eying the defense and trying to read the rush can cause a muffed snap reception and put your team in a big hole.

As the ball is snapped, watch the ball all the way into your hands. The punting side hand should be on the end of the ball closes to your body.

While you position the ball in your hands, laces up, take a half step with your kicking foot full step with your non punting leg. This will build up the momentum for punting the ball. Your head is down looking at the ball, watching as your punting leg comes up meeting the ball and you kick through the ball.

Different types of punts

Field position or a hard rush can require you to use a different style punt.

*** Pooch Punt ***

This style of punt is designed to get a lot of air under the ball. You will sacrifice distance for height. To get air under your punt, hold the tip of the ball slightly up and the punt the ball. The more the tip is pointed up, the more air you get under the ball.

*** Rugby Kick ***

The Rugby Kick can be used to avoid a hard rush or to get a lot of roll on the ball.

Executing the Rugby Kick is taking one step back with your punting foot, and then a side a step, the follow up step is with your kicking foot kicking through the ball. Rugby Kicks do not produce a lot of height, are difficult to get a good run back on and should give you a lot of role.

*** Quick Kick ***

This punt is used when the snap is slow getting back and or the rush will not allow for a Rugby Kick.

The quick kick is …

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Create Your Own Playstation 2 Package

You own a PlayStation 2 but aren’t quite sure what other items to buy with it. What games should you buy? Do you need extra controllers? Are memory cards required? Are any other accessories required? Follow these directions below and you can answer all your questions and start enjoying your console to the fullest.

Games – After choosing the system, the biggest decision is what games will you buy to go along with it. The PlayStation 2 console is just an expensive DVD player if you don’t buy games, so you need to address this question right away. The first way to choose games is pick something related to a hobby of yours outside of gaming. Do you play football, skateboarding, like cars, or fishing, like a particular movie? There are games for all of these hobbies, movie tie in games, and many more. The second option for choosing your games is start with a list of the most popular games released on the PlayStation 2. They are:

Grand Theft Auto Vice City, Final Fantasy X, Madden 2006, Splinter Cell, Gran Turismo 3, and SOCOM Navy Seals

These games aren’t made for everyone, so be sure you check the ratings and descriptions before buying one. The PlayStation 2 has one of the broadest game lists of any system so you are bound to find a game that exactly fits your particular likes.

Controllers – The PlayStation 2 console originally came with one controller out of the box but two controller slots. Buying a second controller can be a great investment, especially if your friends play games too or multiple people in the house play. The small investment will greatly increase your enjoyment of the system because you can play with friends at the same time. If you buy a multi-tap adaptor you can use four controllers at the same time. Unless you buy the multi-tap adaptor there is no need to buy more than one controller.

This is a great time to mention the difference between Sony brand controllers and third party controllers. Sony contollers are more reliable, while third party controllers are less expensive but can break easier. I only recommend buying Sony brand controller for the most part. The one exception to this is Logitech brand controllers. Logitech makes a high quality wireless controller that is very reliable.

Memory Cards – You will need at least one memory card to save your games on the PlayStation 2. The Sony brand 8 MB memory card can save quite a bit of game data. Unless you play lots of sports games, you will only need one memory card. If you really love your sports games, be sure to pick up a couple extras because they need lots of space to store all the data needed to play an entire season.

Accessories – The PlayStation 2 has lots of other accessories you could buy including network adaptors, steering wheels, and even a hard drive. The most useful of these is the …

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5 Problem Areas For Dribbling In Youth Basketball

Dribbling and passing are the two skills that make basketball the great game it is. Without these abilities, the game would be a slow, boring activity. Youth players often struggle with dribbling successfully which leads to frustration for the players and coach. By identifying these five problem areas, coaches can help players develop good skills and increase their enjoyment and skill in basketball.

Dribbling is one of those skills that looks easy but can be very demanding. Young players are impatient and attempt to move ahead of their learning progress. Before becoming proficient in dribbling they want to shoot, shoot, shoot. Being able to dribble alone in the driveway is a start and should be encouraged by all coaches. Players need to practice slowly at first, using both hands equally. There are thousands of ball handling drills to utilize on your own. It’s when the young player faces the defense that makes them realize they have a lot of work to do.

Here are 5 problem areas for dribbling in Youth basketball:

1. Players try to do too much too fast. Dribbling takes time and patience. Just to bounce the ball up and down off the concrete consistently take a concentrated effort.

2. Only one hand, usually the right hand, is developed. The one handed dribbler gets by in 3rd or 4th grade but eventually catches up with them. Both hands need to be equally developed at an early age.

3. Dribble with the fingertips not the palm. Fingertip control can be developed over time. Young dribblers should lightly tap the ball with fingertips to start. As they progress, they can dribble harder and higher. Most young players begin as palm dribblers because they are not properly taught or attempt to progress to quickly.

4. Looking at the ball with head down. This is natural for a young player to look at the ball as they learn to dribble. When team play begins, a player with their head down while dribbling will not be able to see open teammates or pass to them.

5. Stance. A young player usually stands upright as they dribble. They need to be taught to bend at the knees and assume an athletic stance. This will keep the ball closer to the ground, requiring less control. This will also help them protect the ball from other players trying to steal the ball from them.…

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A Brief History of Gymnastics

Gymnastics is a graceful and artistic sport that requires a combination of strength, balance, agility, and muscle coordination, usually performed on specialized apparatus. Gymnasts perform sequences of movements requiring flexibility, endurance, and kinesthetic awareness, such as handsprings, handstands, split leaps, aerials and cartwheels.

Gymnastics as we know it dates back to ancient Greece. The early Greeks practiced gymnastics to prepare for war. Activities like jumping, running, discus throwing, wrestling, and boxing helped develop the muscles needed for hand-to-hand combat. Additional fitness practices used by the ancient Greeks included methods for mounting and dismounting a horses and a variety of circus performance skills.

Gymnastics became a central component of ancient Greek education and was mandatory for all students. Gymnasia, buildings with open-air courts where the training took place, evolved into schools where gymnastics, rhetoric, music, and mathematics were taught. The ancinet Olympic Games were born near this time.

As the Roman Empire ascended, Greek gymnastics for was more or less turned into military training. In 393 AD the Emperor Theodosius abolished the Olympic Games completely. The games had become corrupt, and gymnastics, along with other sports declined. For centuries, gymnastics was all but forgotten.

In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries two pioneer physical educators, Johann Friedrich GutsMuth and Friedrich Ludwig Jahn created exercises for boys and young men on sseveral apparatus they had designed. This innovation ultimately led to what is considered modern gymnastics. As a result, Friedrich Jahn became known as the “father of gymnastics”. Jahn introduced the horizontal bar, parallel bars, side horse with pommels, balance beam, ladder, and vaulting horse.

In the early nineteenth century, educators in the United States followed suit and adopted German and Swedish gymnastics training programs. By the early twentieth century, the armed services began publishing drill manuals featuring all manner of gymnastic exercises. According to the US Army Manual of Physical Drill, these important drills provided proper instruction for the bodies of active young men.

As time went by, however, military activity moved away from hand-to-hand combat and toward fighter planes and contemporary computer-controlled weapons. As a result of the development of modern warfare, gymnastics training as the mind and body connection, so important for the Greek, German, and Swedish educational traditions, began to lose force. Gymnastics once again took on the aura of being a competitive sport.

By the end of the nineteenth century, men’s gymnastics was popular enough to be included in the first modern Olympic Games held in 1896. The sport was a little different from what we currently know as gymnastics however. Up until the early 1950s, both national and international competitions involved a changing variety of exercises the modern gymnast may find a bit odd such as synchronized team floor calisthenics, rope climbing, high jumping, running, and horizontal ladder just to name a few.

Women first started to participate in gymnastics events in the 1920s and the first women’s Olympic competition was held in the 1928 Games in Amsterdam, although the only event was synchronized calisthenics. …

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The Many Advantages Of Playing Paddle Tennis

It is always advisable for people in any age to engage into sports. It is not just good for the body but it also improves your personality. There are many sports which you can choose from if you would like to be hook into one. One of the many sports which you can play together with your family and friends is paddle tennis. This is a sport played like tennis in a much smaller playing area; the net is also smaller than the usual tennis. This game has been played in many countries and offers a lot of benefits.

Just like tennis, paddle tennis will give you a lot of physical benefits such as improving your cardiovascular muscles which will give you a stronger heart. This sport will help you burn fat which will give you more endurance. Since this sport involves a lot of movement and exertion this will give you more strength in your hand muscles as well in your feet and legs muscles, this type of sport will also give you flexibility and body coordination because paddle tennis will let you move your upper body and lower body parts. If you want to lose weight then this is the best sport for you.

This kind of sport will not just develop your physical ability but also your mental awareness, when you play paddle tennis you will develop discipline, if you regularly practice this game you will be able to get used to the rules of the game and you will be more disciplined. You also learn sportsmanship; you will learn to play a clean and fair game. Your social skills will also be enhanced, if you play this game you will surely meet a lot of people which share the same sport as you do and you will gain a lot of friends. You will surely look forward for the next game that you will have because you will surely enjoy playing this game. You can play this with your friends and family member as your bonding time together.

You have to choose carefully the sport that you want to engage into. Paddle tennis is one of the many sports which will give you the physical and mental benefits and as well as giving a productive way to spend your leisure time together with your friends and family members and enjoy laughing and be fit with them.…

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How Does Stress Affect Sports

Stress can be good or bad for a person engaged in a sporting event. Good stress can improve a performance whereas bad stress can cause them to, in sporting parlance, not be at the races. This article will examine these two types of stress, what causes them, how they affect sports and how they can be combated.

Sport is a fairly general term for a range of activities that require varying mental and physical skills. For example, archery and ice hockey have many skills in common but probably more skills that are disparate. Physical exertion may be more intense in ice hockey than archery but mental pressure and judgement would be more in archery.

The body’s response to stress is to change the bio-chemistry in the blood. The hormones adrenaline and cortisol are pushed into the bloodstream which passes through the body. This gives the body an energy boost. The muscles will become tighter and prepared for some exertion. The senses will become more attuned; pupils will dilate to allow more light to enter the eye and thus improve eyesight. This response is known as the ‘fight or flight’ response. It is triggered when the person, through their nervous system, senses a stressful event about to occur. In this way the body can overcompensate for a stressful event by putting too much adrenaline into the blood stream or not enough.

There seems to be two ways to affect this response. The first is the actual event that is causing the stress. The second is the perceived amount of stress that the person places on the stressful event. They are, obviously, closely related.

In the first instance stress could be caused if the person is new to the sport and does not have the skills or knowledge of the sport. They will feel overwhelmed and worried about things like the rules of the game, what position they should be in, what are their responsibilities or how to do a particular activity. On a physical level, they may not have developed the physique to do certain activities.

In this instance it is important not to take the sport too seriously. If the sport is a form of relaxation or stress relief then this should be clarified each time anything becomes overwhelming. Remember that it is supposed to be fun. Remember, also, that making mistakes is a part of learning. You can only improve by making these mistakes and you will be better for them.

The second way to influence the body’s response to a stressful event is more to do with people that are experienced in the particular sport. In this case, we are talking about fine-tuning a performance. It is often said in professional sport that the difference between two competitors is not their fitness or skills but their mental preparation because the physical skills are virtually identical.

This is true. Many top sportspeople use mind techniques and sports psychologists to give them an edge. Simply put, the mind techniques are …

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Smart Tips For Uncovering Events

The Collection of Football Mementos

Football supporters and their thrill for football cannot be separated. Real football fanatics are crazy about all things football. They collect memorabilia besides attending games and showing support for their teams. Memorabilia are articles that give respect to their enthusiasm for football and range from mere tickets to costly football kits.

Collectibles acquired in the years before collecting memorabilia became a trend are vintage. Those mementos are valuable assets, and people who own them are fortunate. Currently, popular collectibles include football cards, autographed replica helmets, throwback jerseys and jackets, posters and photos of famous football players, and bobble head dolls of favorite players.

Football memorabilia can be utilized in home decoration. This act is a sure indication of football enthusiasm. Memorabilia are displayed in cases for their safety. Cases come in different sizes, designs and colors. An ideal case would be one that suits your home d?cor. Multiple cases can be utilized for the number of collectibles you want to showcase.

Throwing in your signed photographs and posters to enhance your room’s outlook is a brilliant idea. They are presentable in home offices, bedrooms, and recreational areas. Their strategic placement can be striking. Using themes to collect souvenirs is a good idea. You can go for team themes or individual players.

Football memorabilia is worthy and only good care can retain or increase their worth eventually. Once you purchase your memorabilia, try as much as possible to keep them in their original packaging. If it’s not possible, you can save the packaging for resale in the future. Store your collectibles under controlled temperatures to avoid exposure to moisture which leads to fading. Storing memorabilia below fifty or above eighty degrees Celsius compromises on their quality.

When handling your mementos, make sure you use cotton gloves particularly for items that have sensitive absorbing material like cloth and paper. You can also clean your hands with oil free soaps before touching them. When placing them for display, allow enough space between them. You can use a non-acidic cardboard between them and do not ever stack them.

Storing memorabilia in plastic containers or displaying them in excellent cases safeguards them from dust. Cases are better choices because they showcase memorabilia while inhibiting regular touch and exposure to moisture. Cleaning collectibles with the correct items and conditions ensures their safety and good value. Insuring them against fires, floods and theft is a good way to safeguard yourself against loss. A listing of the mementos, pictures of their original receipt and certificates of authenticity should be kept safe.…

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Interesting Facts About Soccer Cleats

Soccer is a sport that has been growing in popularity around the world for hundreds of years. It is the favorite sport in most European countries, and is continuing to gain popularity in America. People young and old around the globe enjoy the game of soccer. One of the most important aspects of the game of soccer is the soccer cleat! Cleats help to give athletes enhanced turning and running capabilities on the field.

Shoes for soccer are generally referred to as either soccer cleats or football cleats. The first ones were supposedly designed for and worn by King Henry VIII in 1525. The king asked his personal shoemaker to make him a pair of shoes that were more durable for normal shoes for playing football. Modern day soccer cleats have come a long way from their initial design. Today, they are specially designed to help athletes perform to the very best of their ability.

One of the most important things that soccer cleats do for soccer players is to provide traction. The cleats help to grip the ground, allowing players to change direction quickly and without getting injured. Especially on wet, slippery grass, changing direction quickly is extremely difficult when you do not have shoes that can grip the ground well. Before cleats were manufactured world-wide, some players used to attach pieces of leather to the bottom of their shoes to help them gain better traction. The small leather studs have since developed into the modern day cleats that we know today.

High end soccer cleats such as the Mercurial Vapor VI FG cleat are usually priced well over $200. However, with the right amount of luck, you can find high-end soccer cleats online for a discount. Shopping for cleats online can provide huge savings. Additionally, soccer cleats, like many shoes, run almost identically in sizes across different brands. This makes buying cleats online an easy process!

Now, soccer cleats are available in a whole assortment of types and designs. Lightweight leather generally makes up modern soccer cleats. Without these special shoes, the sport of soccer would not be as fast paced and exciting as we know it to be today. Cleats are one of the most important aspects of any soccer player’s game. When you hit the field for a game of soccer, make sure you are wearing a great pair of soccer cleats! Your feet and your teammates will thank you.…

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