Head Injury Prevention in Ice Skating

Introduction

Physical activity is an essential part of being healthy. In children, activity helps build strong bones and muscles, decreases the likelihood of developing obesity, and promotes positive mental health. Children are recommended to have 60 minutes or more of physical activity daily.

In the United States, more than 30 million children and teens participate in sports. Of that number, approximately 3.5 million children and adolescents ages fourteen and under are hurt annually while participating in recreational activities. In 2002, The National Safe Kids Campaign estimated that 13,700 children were treated in hospital emergency rooms for ice skating related injuries. Many of these are preventable head injuries if protective equipment, such as helmets or halos, is used.

Gliding across the ice, with the cool wind whipping across a skater’s face is an exhilarating feeling. One push can propel a skater far down the glistening, snowy surface. Worrying about a head injury is often far from a skater’s mind, as many participants are not aware of the possibility of head injury from ice skating. The goals of this article are to raise awareness about potential head injury from ice skating and to promote the use of helmets in skating, similar to what is required in cycling, skiing, and ice hockey.

Review of Injury Statistics

A concussion is a mild form of head injury, usually due to a blow to the head, which may cause disorientation, memory loss, or unconsciousness. Repeated concussions and loss of consciousness can result in traumatic brain injury or TBI.

An estimated 10% of all head and spinal cord injuries are due to sports related activities. Socially, athletes can feel undue pressure from family, coaches, and teammates to return to play quickly after a head injury. These influences can prevent an athlete from receiving the medical care he or she requires. In particular, parents and coaches can push their children too hard in an attempt to fulfill their own athletic aspirations. Athletes who return to play too soon or who suffer repeated injury to the head can develop chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, whose symptoms can include slowed speech, confusion, tremors, and mental deterioration. Most recently, CTE gained media attention when a settlement was reached with the National Football League, or NFL and thousands of players and families. The case, which involved more than 4,500 plaintiffs, calls for the NFL to pay for medical exams, compensation, and research related to head injuries sustained while playing professional football. Plaintiffs are committed to making the game safer at all levels and to educate the public; including parents of the four million children who play youth and high school football. Plaintiffs are committed to helping the focus on player safety trickle down to the youth level.

Awareness and education are key factors in injury prevention and return to play decisions. When an athlete suffers a head injury, a sideline assessment using the Standardized Assessment of Concussion should be completed by a medical professional. If a physician is not available, the coach …

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Ohio Weather – Understanding The Seasons

Winter, Spring, Summer or Fall, all you have to do is. . .

Live here!

“How’s the weather?” It’s not just a mundane conversation starter. The weather in Cleveland Ohio is a serious question to many. Many people relocate or have the possibility of relocating to Cleveland and this is a genuinely needed answer. I get asked about the weather frequently by people living in other parts of the country. Some have never seen snow or have heard horrifying tales of our winters. Some don’t consider our summers hot enough for water sports or vacationing. We have the beach and ski slopes, concrete cities and patios for dining, and mature woods and parks for picnics. Cleveland is a mosaic of urban, suburban and rural pleasures. For most people around the country, weather isn’t perceived to be an issue and most are aware of their climate and normal weather activity year round. Some even expect the next day to be similar to the previous. Here in Cleveland, the weather typically fluctuates day to day, week to week and month to month. We have four seasons which complement each other constantly. As a rule, one will glide and transition smoothly into the next. There are surprises along the way and it’s never boring. I enjoy the change and look forward to the beauty in each season. There’s always something new and each day is a gift. We don’t take the seasons for granted and around every corner there is something new. Let me explain. . .

Spring- Just breaking from the winter months, spring is mild and new life begins. Being able to witness this is priceless. After the cold goes away, it’s as though we’re in a totally different place. Tulips and trees begin to blossom, Life is apparent and defined in word wildlife which show signs of happiness. The smells and sights are pleasing to the senses. It’s literally a breath of fresh air. Not too hot and not too cold, appreciated to the fullest.

Summer- The summers in Northeast Ohio are perfect. We experience three plus months of graduated warmth and the days are hot enough to enjoy activities on our fresh water ocean, Lake Erie. Boating, sailing, jet skiing, rowing, parasailing, and swimming are just some of what we offer. We have many beautiful beaches public and private. Edgewater Park offers walking and bike trails and gorgeous sunsets with a full downtown view. Parks are in full bloom and there are plenty of outdoor activities. There are Islands to party and play, amusement parks, carnivals, street art festivals, outdoor concerts on the water, and many sports to enjoy. The temperatures are anywhere from the low 70’s into the high 90’s. Humidity isn’t typically an issue and we don’t generally have the massive daily thunderstorms like in the southern states.

Fall- If you’re having a bad day or life/work has become monotonous for whatever reason, all you have to do is go outside. As simple as it seems, it’s …

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The Different Types of Motocross Racing

Motocross and dirt bike racing is as popular as ever, all over the world. Let’s take a look at the many different types of motocross racing that are popular these days:

Freestyle

Freestyle motocross is sometimes also known as FMX. The main difference between freestyle and regular motocross is that riders try to gain points from judges based upon tricks that they perform. Tricks may include the 360, backflip, underflip, frontflip, carolla, scorpion, tsunami and sidewinder, among dozens of other tricks. There’s also different types of landings and take-offs. One handed, no handed, side saddle, you name it. Famous freestyle motocross riders include Carey Hart and Mike Metzger.

Supermoto

This type of motocross racing began in the 1970’s as a fun side project for motocross racers. Supermoto is a type of race where motocross bikes that are meant to ride on dirt are modified so that they can compete on pavement, as well as dirt. The track for a Supermoto race consists of both dirt and pavement. The bikes must have special tires with specific types of grooves that can handle both pavement and dirt tracks during the same race.

Enduro

Enduro is a type of off-road race with different challenges and obstacles included. There’s often several stages and the bikers race against the clock in a timed trial as well.

Trials Motocross

This is a more straightforward type of time trial race. Motocross bikers race on a dirt track and they are timed. So instead of tricks or jumps, the focus of the race is purely to get the best time or to beat the best time.

Hill Climb

A hill climb motocross event is exactly as it sounds. Riders must go up a hill and try to get the fastest time. In some cases, the race may be to see who gets the farthest up the hill in a certain amount of time. Hill climb motocross is also called hillclimbing.

Supercross

Generally, supercross is a term used to describe an event, usually taking place in a large stadium, fairgrounds or arena that has installed an artificial and temporary dirt track. The track would consist of jumps as well as obstacles. The type of motorcycle used is a very high performance, specially outfitted bike made specifically to handle the high jumps and sharp turns that are typical of the event. Recently, there have been events that used temporary tracks that were modified to take place in smaller arenas such as basketball and hockey arenas.

ATV Quad Motocross

This type of motocross is not for motorcycles but for ATV’s or Quads, also called All Terrain Vehicles. The bike has four wheels and special frames and tires that are built for dirt racing.

Sidecarcross

This sport with a funny name is also called sidecar motocross. A sidecar is attached to the bike where a passenger will stand. The passengers job during the race is to provide a counterweight. The sport has declined in popularity in recent years, however.…

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For the Love of NFL Football Helmets

What can be cooler than wearing NFL football helmets? NFL football helmets just seem to have that extra oomph. The bright colors and elaborate, sometimes whimsical designs are guaranteed to win looks of admiration. They make great ice breakers and can come in handy when you are trying to score the phone number of a pretty lady.

Football fans want to wear the helmet of the teams they root for – right? For the most part yes; they will wear the helmet of the team or teams they root for. But there are a good number of fans who wear the NFL football helmets of teams they do not necessarily root for. Heck, there are a good number of non-football fans who will wear NFL football helmets for the sake of fashion.

It may all sound superficial but let us be honest with ourselves. Do you remember rooting for a team not because they were good but because they had the coolest looking uniforms? Ladies, do you remember screaming your lungs out to cheer the star quarterback not because he has skills but because he looks hot? The same thing goes for football helmets; if the design looks good, no matter how much the team sucks, people still gravitate towards the team's helmets. Of course, it would not hurt if the team ruled over Super Bowl. Still, a good design is a good design and it will appeal to people from all walks of life – NFL fan or not.

Fans can choose between authentic and replica helmets. Authentic helmets are, as the name suggests, the same helmets worn by professional players. The face masks are made of steel and the thickness of the padding conforms to league standards. In contrast, the face masks of replica helmets are made of plastic and the padding is made of Styrofoam.

There are a several major manufactures of NFL football helmets. The leading manufacturers of professional football helmets include Bike and Schutt.

Football is probably the only game that looks more painful than professional wrestling. Ironically professional football players were not required to wear protective helmets until the 1930s. Compared to the helmets of today, the early prototypes did not provide much protection.

The early football helmets were made of leather. Eventually the leather helmets were replaced with harness style helmets. Head related injuries prompted sports scientists and helmet manufacturers to improve the helmets further and the result is the NFL football helmets players proudly wear today.

The designs of the helmets do more than make a fashion statement; any design or logo change mirrors the growth and evolution of the teams. In the spirit of change, the NFL made it mandatory for all teams to have alternate or throwback uniforms. These uniforms should bear designs different from their primary team logo and designs. …

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Sports and Hobbies in Portugal

Called The Beautiful Game, the Portuguese are ardent futebol fans. From club matches to the national team, everyone has a favorite player and team that they follow with great devotion.

Futebol

The game requires speed, dexterity, endurance and strategy. Portugal’s Cristiano Renaldo is arguably the best player in the world and José Marinho is widely recognized as a gifted manager.

For pro players, making the national team is the pinnacle of success. Many professional footballers play internationally for other teams; for example Renaldo plays for Real Madrid. As qualifying for the quadrennial World Cup approaches, players are named for the national team. Below the national team is club play. Premeira Liga, with 14 teams, is the premier league and the Segunda Ligafields 22 teams.

Every town and region has a host of amateur leagues, as well as college and school teams ranging from five-a-side to full teams. Naturally you can find a group of kids (or adults) kicking the ball around wherever there’s a bit of open space.

Futsal

Futsal, 5-a-side indoor football, is played on a hard surface. There are several leagues divided into divisions. 1a Divisão is the top league.

All the rest

  • Athletics: Portugal has a number of top long-distance runners and has done well at recent Olympic Games in London and Beijing; there are also a number of top cross-country runners from Portugal
  • Canoeing: Portugal has many top Olympians in this sport; kayaking and canoeing are popular sports for tourists and locals alike
  • Cycling: Volta a Portugal is the annual professional long-distance race; cycling tours and mountain bike trails are widely available in all regions
  • Martial arts: Jogo do Pau is a traditional stick fighting martial art dating from the Middle Ages (fencing and judo are also popular)
  • Motorsports: Rallying, motorcycle racing and A1 Grand Prix are popular spectator sports with some races (Rally Madeira and Lisboa-Dakar) receiving international attention
  • Bullfights: Portuguese bullfights differ in style from the Spanish customs, notably the bull is not killed in the ring; running with the bulls, as in Pamplona, Spain, is popular in the Azores
  • Golf: the Algarve has great courses and many of Portugal’s top pros play in the region
  • Airsoft: known as paint ball in the U.S., the game is popular around the country
  • Watersports: surfing, windsurfing, kite surfing and sailing are all popular, especially in the Algarve
  • Portugal is considered to have some of the best waves in Europe, most notably around the central coastal town of Peniche. Recently, the largest wave ever surfed was recorded in Nazaré, about 30 minutes north of Peniche.

Hobbies

Textiles

Portugal’s traditional needlework and fiber arts began in nunneries and as cottage industries. The fine linens, rugs, lacework provided a livelihood for many families and grew to be celebrated for craftsmanship. Portuguese textiles are well known the world over.

  • Embroidery: Portuguese embroidery is highly sought after with its intricate stiches and rich colors; styles vary by region, with the best known examples coming from Madeira and

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Important Things to Remember When Looking for Workout Gear

Choosing the right workout gear is very important. The clothes you need to wear should provide more comfort when doing your routine. This will help you enhance your performance when working out. The first thing you need to consider is getting the right size. Make sure the fit is not too tight or loose. Other than this, there are more things you need to consider. To give you more ideas, here are some guidelines when looking for workout gears.

The “breathable blends”

When looking for workout clothes, choose the materials that can wick or draw away moisture from your skin. This is very important especially for those moderate to advanced workouts where you sweat a lot, as evaporating sweat is what cools down your body. Most athletes prefer synthetic blends because of its ability to “breathe.” Avoid using clothes made of cotton. These can retain moisture against your body. Use clothes made from polyester, spandex, or nylon.

Choosing the right fit

The clothes you need to wear should allow a free range of motion. It should not “pinch” or overly restrictive. Avoid using clothes with too many straps or those that chafe under the armpits or inner thigh areas. These things can disrupt you when working out. For activities such as Pilates or yoga, stretchy, fitted fabrics that wick away sweat is your best choice.

Look good, feel good

Other than comfort and function, you should also consider style. You can always look good by choosing the right fitness accessories. Instead of wearing oversized clothes, look for simpler but stylish clothes. Most women today prefer wearing colorful transitional pieces, which they can wear in and outside the gym. Search online for more fitness accessories you can use. Some items you can find are hooded jackets, jogging pants, running skirts, flared pants, and air cool jerseys.

Choosing the right footwear

As in any other sports, you need to find the right shoes for your needs. Ask your instructor for some recommendations. Most athletes today prefer cross-training shoes when going to the gym. This is because they provide the best cushion and traction when working out or running on inclined planes. It is also advisable to choose the right size to prevent common injuries. This should also come with a comfortable pair of socks.

Considering your safety

Your safety should always come first. Anytime you run or bike outside, consider wearing bright, reflective clothing. Look for safety gears such as helmets, knee pads, and elbow pads. You should also wear gym gloves when lifting dumbbells or doing your bench-press.

Workout clothes: Changing seasons

Hot season – During warm summer months, make sure to choose the fabrics, which allow your skin to breathe and wick sweat away. Wear clothes that are cool and comfortable, and allow you to move freely.

Cold season -You’ll need to dress warmly when it’s cold outside, but keep in mind that you’ll be working out. Dress in layers you can remove. Keep seat-wicking fabrics on your inner layer, …

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The Art of Boxing :skills, Drills and Benefits

Boxing is considered by many as the worlds most ancient and most celebrated sports. Boxing had its beginning in ancient Greece when it was considered nothing more than a gentle art of self defense.  Boxing has continually been refined and perfected over the ages.

Today professional boxing is recognized as a major sport attracting many sponsorship deals and there is huge money involved making boxers millionaires. Amateur boxing is also not lagging behind, with amateur boxers willing to fight driven by a strong desire to avail the many benefits.  Innumerable pay-per-view boxing events are attracting millions of watchers worldwide. Ever since boxing became a global phenomenon, the fitness industry has fully exploited the boxing popularity with training classes for boxing.

In today’s scenario, aspirants will have to undergo rigorous training and practice to reach competition levels. The typical boxing training session stimulates all muscle groups, and provides the perfect combination of aerobic with oxygen exercises and anaerobic without oxygen exercises. The boxers’ workout is designed to get anyone into the best physical shape of their lives. To perfect the basic boxing skills you will have to survive three rounds – each of three minutes’ duration – of actual fighting in a controlled gym-setting.  You have to be supremely conditioned and physically strong enough to throw mighty punches from round one lasting up to three.

Attending an established boxing training school provides you with the required physical and mental strength, coordination, both aerobic and anaerobic fitness and powers of endurance. The most important exercises include heavy bag, speed-ball spring-ball and medicine-ball work, skipping, running, weight-training and wind-sprints. Exercises are condensed and combined to form a circuit or performed independently over a longer period. In short, boxing improves ones reflexes, stamina, muscle flexibility, speed and cardiovascular fitness.

A boxing workout of about one-hour generally conforms to the following timetable: Five minutes on warm-up exercise followed by stretching of all major muscle groups; twenty five minutes of sit-ups with medicine ball; ten minutes of skipping     five two-minute rounds on heavy bag;     three two-minute rounds on the speed-ball; three sets of 15 side laterals; finally five minutes of bike to cool down.

A competent boxer needs a significant amount of confidence more than confrontationist skills. If the boxer needs to protect himself in a self-defense situation, he will be more efficient at finishing things quickly and cleanly due to heightened confidence levels.  Seasoned boxers will tell you that boxing is the ultimate sport for countering stress.  The combination of strength training and aerobic work provides an excellent feeling of muscular pump and stimulates the cardiovascular system.  Please know that hitting the heavy bag for five to six rounds tremendously relieves physical and mental stress. This type of workout enhances the ability to relax and helps one to remain poised under pressure.

As you are aware, boxing allows for a direct confrontation between two persons in a controlled setting. Make sure to get trained in full contact sparring – although it is optional in many …

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Los Angeles, California Highlights

Los Angeles is a very fascinating city and a great place for anybody to take a vacation. Visiting Los Angeles and the surrounding areas could be one of the best and most memorable experiences that you will ever have. Tourists seem to get excited about everything from the simplest things to the bigger things. For some reason, tourists always like to see the famous Hollywood sign and especially visitors from non-coastal states like to go to the beach and see the Pacific Ocean for the first time.

If you like more of an adrenalin rush of fun and are planning to come to the city of Los Angeles, you will be in reasonable driving distance from several amusement and water parks including Six Flags Magic Mountain, Hurricane Harbor, Disneyland, Knott’s Berry Farm, Universal Studios, Raging Waters and other places like the Los Angeles Zoo and Griffith Park.

If you are really interested in the Film Industry, you can go to the tapings of numerous television shows where you can see your favorite stars live and in person. Or if you prefer to be in front of the camera instead of in the audience, there are several advertisements in newspapers, magazines and posted on telephone poles looking for all kinds of people who want to be background Extras in movies, television shows and commercials. No experience is necessary. Be sure to go down Hollywood Boulevard and look on the ground for the stars of your favorite entertainers on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

You can go to Staples Center, home of the 9 time NBA (National Basketball
Association) World Champions Los Angeles Lakers. Magic Johnson has moved on from playing professional basketball, but you will still see his name all over Los Angeles. He is involved with a few businesses around town including some 24 Hour Fitness locations, the Magic Johnson Theatres located in the Crenshaw Shopping Center, Starbucks Coffee and Magic Johnson’s TGI Friday’s Restaurant.

Right across the street from the Forum in Inglewood where the Lakers used to play for about 30 years until a few years ago, is the Hollywood Park Race Track and Casino. They only have horse racing a few months out of the year. But you are in “Luck” because the Casino is in full swing 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to satisfy your gambling needs. It is one of the few places around here that at least so far, they still have FREE parking.

For Baseball fans you can go to Dodger Stadium, home of the former World Series Champions Los Angeles Dodgers. You would not want to go to Dodger Stadium without eating one of their famous Dodger Dogs.

Not only do we have professional sports champions, we also have our very famous cross town college rivals, the U.C.L.A Bruins and the U.S.C Trojans who have both brought back team championships to the city of Los Angeles and they both have had their students and alumni bring back Gold Medals …

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The Sport of Mountain Biking

The sport of mountain biking is one of the best active sports you can do for a number of fitness reasons and depending on what style of mountain biking you partake in, it can be also a great deal of fun as well as keeping you fit at the same time.

People are usually unaware of how may muscles you use when riding a mountain bike, and how quickly you can burn calories off riding a bike as it can be an extremely good work out for the body.

If you plan on riding cross-country along different styles of trails, riding a bike can be quite a task. So if you riding over a vast distance up and down hills, along slippery single trail it can be very exhausting on the legs and the lower back.

So if you are just starting to ride bikes for the first time, please don’t just jump on the bike a go for a 20 mile ride as it may do you more harm than good. One thing that is recommended is to do short rides to start with, maybe only a couple of miles which will take no time at all on a bike to get your fitness training up to scratch before hitting the bike ride.

MTB Fitness Training

All of the major athletes of the sport will tell you that mountain bike training is vastly important and you should take part in mountain bike fitness training when ever the opportunity arises. Going on those short rides will benefit you hugely and will stop you from injuring yourself.

Parts of your body that will benefit from training are your legs. Your legs will be the first part of your body in particular that will get tired very quickly. Building up your leg muscles either at the gym or one the bike will help improve your personal and bike fitness quickly.

The more you train the better your pace and your stamina will improve. Once these two have improved you will be able to go on longer and better rides than will enhance your fitness.

One of the major benefits of riding a mountain bike on a regular basis is that in order to ride your bike you use some of largest muscles in the body which in turn will burn off fat quickly. This will of course help you to lose weight and the more you ride you bike the more weight you will lose.

When you ride your bike on flat ground at a slower speed you are still burning a great amount of calories due to the fact that you will be able to continue that pedaling motion for a longer period of time. This is also perfect for people who don’t have the stamina for a highly intensive ride at different speeds and climbs etc. Low intensity work outs also don’t give you all the extra muscle either so the weight will stay off.

In summary using a mountain …

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