The Role of the Match Commissioner in the Game of Football

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The roles of match commissioners in modern-day football cannot be compromised considering their importance to the success of a game. Beginning from their appointment down to their individual character, care must be taken to ensure that the right persons are appointed to commission a match.

As part of their attributes, they must have sound knowledge of the laws of the game and the rules governing any competition. The ability to take prompt and accurate decision and maintain a sound comportment is the hallmarks of a good match commissioner. He/she must also be courageous and bold especially when a game is getting out of hand.

five specific roles

  • carry out joint inspection of the field of play prior to the start of a game

The state of a football pitch is very important in a game of football. A field that is water-logged or unmarked may not be suitable for a standard game of football. The pitch must also have perimeter fencing to avoid encroachment.

  • ensure that there is adequate security arrangement pt in place by the host team

Security is one of the most important aspects of the game of football as violence can erupt in the course of play. The presence of mobile and regular policemen cannot therefore be compromised. The match commissioner has a duty to insist that the match be discontinued if there is no adequate security for the match officials.

  • presides over the meeting of referees and officials of both teams prior to the start of a game

A meeting of all stakeholders is usually held in the morning prior to be kick-off of the match. Some issues usually discussed include security, medical, colors of jersey to be used by both teams and general admonition by the match officials on the need to observe the spirit of fair play before, during and after the game. This meeting is usually chaired by the match commissioner.

  • ensure that unauthorized persons or objects do not enter the field or stadium

It is the duty of the match commissioner to ensure that the match venue is free of unauthorized persons and objects in the course of the game. He watches the match in a good position and observes the performance of the referee and his assistants.

  • submit a detailed report

He submits a detailed report of the match to the appropriate football authority within 48 hours after the match. The report will include virtually everything that occurred before, during and after the match. In conclusion he must ensure that match officials are given their entitlement by the organizers in accordance to the provisions and regulations of the game.…

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How to Choose the Best MMA Shorts

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Just like the sport of mixed martial arts has evolved, so has the competition gear athletes wear during combat. During its humble beginnings as an underground, bare knuckle, anything goes format, athletes wore whatever helped them survive and win. This included anything from going shirtless to wearing full martial arts gis. With the emergence of the UFC came a minimal set of rules and standardization of gear as well as a wider, much more accepting viewing audience. Now, standard protective equipment include a pair of fingerless 4oz. gloves, mouthguard and groin cup. The uniform seen worn by most fighter is simple… a pair of fight shorts.

With mixed martial arts being comprised of numerous fighting disciplines, apparel worn for practice and actual combat must have certain features to accommodate whichever style the athlete specializes in. Regardless of individual style preferences or what discipline the athlete may have started with, fight shorts must have features that will allow both grappling and high kicking. While some styles of shorts definitely work better for certain fighting disciplines, there are still some general features that are must-haves regardless of what your favorite moves are. For example good fight shorts must have exceptionally durable material to withstand being slid and scrubbed against the floor and cage walls of the ring. Look for shorts with material that has an elastic property that will stretch against the bends of the hips and legs for the best range of motion. Shorts with materials that have less give may be very limiting for certain techniques.

When shopping for fight shorts, choose above the knee lengths to avoid trapping the material within the knee joint when grappling and ground fighting. Fight shorts should not be tight (unless they are compression gear) and best if comprised of slick type material rather than rough, canvas type to prevent friction against the mat or your opponent. The waist of good fight shorts should be comfortable but above all secure so they stay put. Some shorts have elastic waistbands while others offer Velcro enclosures but all should have a draw string of some sort for a tighter, more adjustable fit. Do not wear shorts with pockets or loops of any kind or they can get snagged during combat. Good fight shorts will be smooth all over the sleekest action and best performance.

If you want to be a pro MMA fighter, it’s smart to emulate what the pros do and copy what they wear when they’re in the cage. Even though your style of fighting may be different than theirs, doing this will at least give you a place to start. It seems the most popular MMA shorts are knee length and look like they could double as a pair of board shorts you also see surfers wearing at the beach. This style of shorts offer a comfortable fit with just enough snug in the hips but still plenty of room in the thighs to feel secure while pulling off all your moves. The …

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The Secrets to Grow Taller – Start Increasing Your Height Today

Height can be a sensitive issue for many men. Most men feel they need to be a certain height in order to be accepted. The last thing any guy wants is to be shorter than his girlfriend or wife. And you may have tried lifts in the shoes and various supplements with little to no results. But do not give up. There are many other things you can start doing that will help you increase your height naturally. All you must do is continue reading.

The first thing you will want to do is eat better. Changing your current diet will be priority one. You will want to create a well balanced and healthy diet. It should include things such as fruits, green vegetables, milk and lots of protein. By choosing foods like these more often will help you start increasing your height. It will be important that at this time you stay away from junk food. No more eating those foods high in sugar and fat. They will do no good for your health or height. In fact what they will end up doing is stunting your growth. And that is not what you will want at this time.

Once you have created a well balanced diet you will want to begin exercising. Exercise is a big part of getting taller. You will need to start getting active a few times a week. This can include doing things such as swimming, playing basketball or doing yoga. Sports that help you extend your body vertically like basketball are great. Why do you think basketball players are so tall? It’s because they have learned how to extend their muscles vertically. And this is something you will need to begin working on. So make sure you start getting out there and shoot hoops with friends.

The last thing you will want to do is alter your sleeping patterns. You will need to be getting enough rest each night. And the average amount you will need is around 8 to 9 hours. What resting will do is help relieve stress and other strains from your body. And those are two things that can cause interference with growth.

So if you want to start increasing your height naturally then you need to start using these tips. Diet, exercise and proper sleep is what it will take to help you get taller. You will no longer be known as the short guy on the block. Instead you will soon be able to increase your height by a few inches.…

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Different Types of Fishing For Different Types of Folks

Fishing as a hobby, as well as a profession, comes in different types. For those who are inclined to enter as a sports hobby, here are some general information about the different types of fishing which you might venture in.

Fly fishing is the most known type to catch trout and salmon with its ancient angling method. This type of is usually in fresh or salt water areas and fly fishers uses fly rod and a fly line tool casting artificial flies.

Fishing line also uses the angling method just like the fly fisher. Basically catches their targets with a fishing rod consisting of line and a hook attached to it. Forms of fishing line include trolling and long line fishing. Trolling style joins fish by pulling the lure in the water and this is more common for big game fish like tuna and marlin. Long line fishing, on the other hand, is more of the commercial fishing in which fisherman will use one fishing line with thousands of baited hooks.

Hand fishing engages the hands in this form typically used in pearl or lobster diving. Others use a line that contains weight and lure. Different countries have different terms when using hand fishing for different kind of fish. In the US, they call it noodling when they fish for catfish. In the British Isles, the term trout tickling is termed to those who catch trout.

Some fisherman prefers a more primitive attack when fishing which they call Bow fishing. Just like the term itself, the fisherman will stand above the water and use a bow to shoot the fish

For fisherman who does not have boats or for those who have boats but are not that secure in navigating in certain areas they do the Kite fishing. This type of fishing attaches the kite to a fishing line.

When a fisherman scoops up sea life by hauling a chain mesh from their fishing down to the seabed, then they are dredging. It is usually done if they wanted to catch scallops and oysters.

So there you go, find your own type of fishing and see what you would enjoy best. …

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Contribution of Different Disciplines to Leisure and Tourism Studies

Leisure and tourism studies are characterized by a diversity of approaches which come from different disciplines and use a variety of methods. As a result, studies often use an inter-disciplinary or multi-disciplinary approach, drawing on different frames of reference and different methodological approaches for conducting studies. To this end, researchers involved in doing research projects should take into consideration the research questions they want to answer based on the purpose of the research, such as whether to do a research study to build on the academic store of knowledge or to do a study for a professional client or business organization that is interested in research for marketing purposes. A researcher might regard these different approaches like a tool-kit which he or she can draw on, as appropriate, for doing a study on a particular topic for a particular purpose.

The different disciplines which have different approaches include these:

– the sociological approach, which has provided much of the foundation for leisure research, though much less for tourism studies. The sociological approach involves three major thrusts. One is doing social surveys, some of which is done for pragmatic reasons, and this is considered social research rather than truly academically-oriented sociological research. Such surveys involve a quantitative approach, based on using statistics and mathematical models of human behavior to make predictions about human behavior. This is sometimes called the “surveys and modeling approach.” A second sociological approach seeks to explain why people behave as they do in choosing the leisure activities they engage in; it is designed to look at the meaning of leisure participation or non-participation to different groups of people. One such approach to discovering meaning is the existential and symbolic interaction approach, which considers the way people negotiate their leisure participation in light of their relationships of different types – from personal and social relationships to their relationships with their community and networks at work. Finally, a third sociological approach is the critical approach which has taken various forms. One is the neo-Marxist approach which has looked at the way in which individuals can act freely and the degree to which they are constrained and influenced by the structure of their society. A key aspect of this approach has been criticizing the capitalist system for exploiting or manipulating people within the system who have little power. Numerous streams of critical theory have influenced this perspective over the last few decades, including the feminist perspective that has looked at the way women have responded to leisure in light of their lesser power in society. Some other critical approaches have included postmodernism, which has explored the role of electronic communications and the cultural artifacts produced by it. It has been especially interested in the content of these expressions of culture rather than in the behavior of the people creating those cultural artifacts.

– the geographic approach, which have been especially interested in the way spaces and landscapes affect people’s behavior and their perception of those spaces and landscapes, especially in …

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The Fallacy of a 52.4 Break Even Rate

All over the internet I see people, even professional sports bettors, claim that a 52.4% win rate is required to break even betting on sports. The idea being brought forth is that in order to profit you must win more than half of your games.

That is a very dangerous idea. It leads people to take bad odds trying to achieve that rate. It also leads them away from better odds that make it easier to profit. The fact is, the win rate required to break even or profit is not set. It is totally dependent on the lines you play, and can range from 40 to 60 percent, or even more.

If you asked most sports bettors, the believe they will be able to quickly retire if they could only find a way to win 60% of their bets. That may be true if you bet exclusively on point spreads. But if you do that on money lines of -200 the only thing that will happen quickly is that you go bankrupt.

Win rates and profitability are relative to the lines you play. One player may win 55% of their bets and lose money, while another may win 45% at a good profit. The truth is, win rate has little to do with profiting on betting on sports.

The player who bets only at +150 will break even at a 40% win rate, while the player who bets only at -150 will break even at 60%. The big question you should ask yourself is this. Is it easier to win 40% at +150, or 60% at -150?

The answer is that it is easier to win 40% at +150. The reason is that the books have to shade toward the dogs because most people tend to bet on favorites. That’s the inevitable result of the popular notion that you must win more than half of your bets to profit.

It easy enough to see in the lines. When a dog is +150, the favorite is usually close to -170. This example below is from Vegas Insider.

11/11 1:05 PM

51 Tampa Bay Boston

+150 -170

+150 -170

In order to break even on the favorite at -170, you must win 63% of the time. To break even on the dog at +150, you must win 40% of the time. In this case, a bet on the favorite is being charged an extra 20 because most bets will be on them, while the dog is going at the books estimation of the actual probabilities of the outcome.

When it comes to point spreads, you do in fact need 52.4% to break even at -110, and all players share the vig. But on money lines, the vig always gets paid by those who bet on the favorites. And you will find almost every line reflects a 3% differential (63+40=103%). Not coincidentally, that pretty much reflects the break even percentage of your average spread bet.

The best advice is to forget about …

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Raceway Insurance: Race Car Driver, Vehicle and Animal Racetracks

There is no doubt that racing – whether by auto, motorcycle, truck or other vehicle or animal – is a very hazardous sport. It is for this reason that insurance coverage is so important for the driver and track owner or sponsor.

Racing Car Driver Insurance

Known in the industry as AD&D Coverage, this insurance is designed specifically for the racing car drivers. Providing accident and health coverage for competing drivers, the companies that write this type of indemnity are most likely in the market for other sporting industries. In regard to racing car drivers, disability limits differ according to each individual insurer.

Vehicle Racetrack Insurance

If you have ever been part of the enthusiastic audience viewing a car, motorcycle or any other recreational vehicle race, you can well understand that there are significant risks to safety. Much like any highly populated sports event, there is the issues related to crowd control and bleacher hazards. In regard to third-party injury claims, vehicle racetrack insurance covers the owners and/or sponsors behind the event.

Specific scenarios in which a lawsuit may be initiated by an injured spectator include:

• When a grandstand or bleacher folds and falls

• When a member of the crowd is impacted by a participating car collision or accident

• When someone watching a practice session or actual race is hurt by debris hurled as a result of an accident

This particular coverage does not include protection for owners of vehicles or sports car drivers. Refer back to the above summary about racing car driver insurance for more on the topic.

Animal Racetrack Insurance

Prime examples of animal racetrack participants are horses and greyhounds, but other animals are also included. Significant risks include exposure to hay and any other combustible matter that is general part and parcel of the property. On the other hand of course, there is also the potential of damage to the involved animals as well as the possibility of damages caused by the animals to consider. The related liability factors are very much the same as any other sporting event. However, the fact that animals and employees and spectators are so close to each other, places an underscored hazard risk at the racetrack.

Then again, many of the racetracks have ongoing betting activity which clearly leaves exposure to criminal activity, defined by the indemnity industry as dishonesty exposure. When eateries are also a part of the framework, the related restaurant risk exposure and liquor liability exposure go hand in hand.

For more about related business insurance coverage, speak with an experienced independent agency that has your best interests in mind.…

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The Importance of Wearing Proper Basketball Attire

There is a reason why every sport has a uniform. Many people only see one or two reasons why there is a uniform and even more often people simply do not care why there is a uniform. Over the years uniforms have become more of a fashion statement then an important aspect of the game.

In reality, uniforms are important for the team and the players. There are actually four reasons why players are required to wear uniforms. Players should understand these aspects and learn to respect the uniform a little more.

The Basic Uniform

The basic uniform for basketball includes:

– a loose fitting jersey, usually sleeveless

– loose fitting shorts, usually at a length to the knee or slightly above

– good fitting shoes with good ankle support

Each element of the uniform is important and serves a purpose. The following outlines the purpose for the uniform and is something that all players should understand and respect. Teaching players about the reasons why they need to wear a uniform can cut down on players mistreating the uniform, forgetting parts of the uniform and simply ignoring uniform rules. Learning these can be especially important for children who are just learning to play the game with a team.

Movement

The loose fitting nature of the uniform allows a player to move quickly and without hindrance. Additionally, the fit of the shoe helps to ensure that the player has the right range of movement in their ankle to be able to be agile on the court. Movement can be restricted by tight clothing and binding uniforms which can really affect how good a player can play.

Safety

Uniforms also protect players. The right shoes will protect a player from common ankle injuries. A good fitting uniform will help to keep players from getting tangled in their uniform or otherwise getting hurt due to an ill fit.

Better Playing Ability

Wearing a uniform allows a player to focus on what they are doing instead of how they look. Too often people get caught up in their own appearance and forget what they are doing.

Wearing a uniform allows a player to focus solely on their game and being the best player possible. When they have a uniform, it is made to fit them and work for them. They will not have to worry about shoes that are too big or a too tight pair of shorts because they have the right uniform with the right fit.

Team Unity

Lastly, uniforms create the visual appearance of a team. Looking the same and all being in the same uniform helps to create that team mentality that makes for a great team that works well together and produces results on the court.

Fans immediately recognize the team by their uniform and for many fans they make it their uniform too, showing the team support by wearing their jersey.

Uniforms are important, as you can see. They are not just a way to make everyone look …

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What Happened In The UK In 1993?

Here are the biggest news, sport and entertainment stories of 1993…

Britain’s longest recession since the 1930s was officially over as the economy grew during the first three months of the year. The Conservatives claimed credit for the upturn in fortunes but critics claimed it was luck more than anything else. However it was achieved, it was welcomed by the nation’s people who could now look forward to spending again.

One new place they could spend at being Buckingham Palace; the public being allowed inside for the first time ever during the summer of ’93. With the entrance fee being set at £8, it wasn’t cheap, but that did nothing to hold back demand; within a week of going on sale, all advance group booking slots to visit Buckingham Palace had been filled for the next three years.

Other news included an oil tanker carrying running aground near the Shetland Islands (resulting in 84,700 tonnes of crude oil being spilled into the North Sea and a major ecological catastrophe); and anti-racist demonstrations being held across London in response to criminal charges being dropped against two youths accused of murdering black teenager Stephen Lawrence.

In the world of sport, horse racing’s big event ‘The Grand National’ (with a worldwide audience of 300 million people) ended in ‘chaos’ after many of the riders had failed to realise a false start had been called and had set off around the racetrack. The Jockey Club was forced to declare the race void; meaning bookmakers had to re-pay the £75 million in bets that had been placed on the race (and miss out on their biggest pay-day of the year!).

On a personal mission to resolve alien related ‘chaos’, were FBI agents ‘Mulder & Scully’; their popular US series ‘X-Files’ coming across the Atlantic to UK screens. Motivated by the belief that Mulder’s sister had been abducted by little green men, they set about trying to find the ‘truth’. One place where the truth definitely wasn’t was on ‘Beavis & Butthead’s sofa. These boys spent ’93 becoming world famous for flicking between TV channels and playing football with frogs.

With Britain itself still struggling to come up with any blockbuster movies of it’s own, ‘Jurassic Park’ and ‘Indecent Proposal’ were the major films to hit cinemas during the year. ‘Jurassic Park’ involved dinosaurs (really quite scary-looking, genuine ones!) running riot around a theme park created by an eccentric millionaire. ‘Indecent Proposal’ was another tale to involve a rich man (this time a billionaire played by Robert Redford); this guy offering a couple, who had just lost a fortune in Las Vegas, $1m to spend the night with the wife.…

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Gymnastics History – A Brief Overview

Gymnastics, as an activity, has been around for more than

two thousand years in one form or another, from the ancient

Greek Olympics, to Roman ceremony, to today’s modern meets.

As an organized and truly competitive sport, gymnastics

has existed for a little more than a century. It was

introduced in the mid 1800s to the United States, where it

inexorably gained in popularity within school systems.

Amateur associations gathered together by the late

nineteenth century, offering classes and opportunities for

young people to join in on the fun. Eventually, these

associations began to have their own championships.

In 1896, at the first international Olympic games in Athens,

Greece, the sport we all know and love enjoyed its first

large-scale debut. Included in the Olympic tournament were

vaulting, parallel bars, pommel horse, and rings events for

men. The first women’s Olympic gymnastics events were held

in 1928. After the Olympics began to officially host

gymnastics, the World Championship gymnastics meet emerged

in the early 1900s, and it is still held to this very day.

Thus began a noble tradition that continues even in modern

Olympic games and in local, regional, national, and world

meets all over.

If you’re the parent of a young gymnast, odds are, people

are going to ask you, “Why did you choose gymnastics over

swimming, ballet, football, baseball, or soccer?” It is an

easy question to offer, but not a simple one to answer.

Their curiosity is entirely understandable–to the

uninitiated, may have a lower profile than others.

However, if you are indeed very serious about your child

participating in the sport, you can tell those people, with

great authority, that gymnastics is an excellent way to

spend time. Not only does it have a long and illustrious

history, but it also requires attention and discipline on

the part of a child–more so, perhaps, than one involved in

any other sport.

In order to become successful at the sport of gymnastics,

your child will have to get into a routine of practice.

This type of routine is different from, say, soccer

practice or hockey practice, in that it does not involve

the concept of physical rivalry with other individuals. A

gymnast is not typically seen chasing after another

gymnastics youth with a set of rings as one might see a

hockey player attacking another person on an opposing team.

Gymnastics does not encourage violence in the same way

contact sports do — indeed, when one is part of a

gymnastics team, one has to work in synchronicity with and

have a certain trust for the other members, a valuable

lesson in this individualism-driven social environment.

This can certainly help in any future employment,

especially if your child is interested in professions that

involve lots of interpersonal communication.

Beyond practice, gymnastics also requires physical

discipline. For instance, if you do not move in the way

that you are taught to move when on parallel bars, you will

have falls and disappointment–and then, of course, you

learn from …

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Airsoft Vs Paintball – Which Extreme Sport is More Dangerous?

Many people think that airsoft and paintball are dangerous, but the truth is neither one of these extreme sports produces more injuries than a common club sport (ie. basketball, football, baseball, etc). If you are thinking about joining either of these sports, all the power to you. However, while both sports are safe, airsoft is considerably more intimidating than paintball. The fire rate for airsoft guns is usually around 300-450 fps. Paintball guns rarely reach 300 fps, in fact, most paintball fields have restrictions that disallow players to have a fire rate above 300 fps.

Airsoft bb’s can pierce objects, including human skin. Paintballs are designed to inflict as small amount of pain as possible. Which is why a paintball is wider, and more blunt. Because of a paintballs large surface area, the force of a paintballs impact is distributed over a larger target area. Which causes there to be less pain in one specific area.

So while you will never receive an injury from a paintball making contact with a skin protected body part, airsoft bb’s can, and do, occasionally injure skin protected body parts. The reason for this, is because a paintball will never reach past the skin, but a bb can hit the bone. Airsoft bb’s rarely cause bone injuries, but there is documented evidence that these injuries do occur. Which does not apply to the friendly game of paintball. The most typical injuries from both sports are ankle and eye related. And for both sports, these injuries occur in the same way.

Ankle injuries cannot be avoided in any sport. If a player accidentally twists or rolls in an unnatural direction, an injury may occur. Ankle injuries happen in paintball and airsoft, but they also happen in just about every sport. Nothing we can do about these. For eye injuries, if a paintball or bb pellet contacts an unprotected eye, serious damage can be inflicted. The difference between eye injuries for airsoft and paintball is that paintball will usually leave temporary damage, but an airsoft bb in the eye will almost always cause permanent damage.

An experienced player from both sports knows that eye protection is an absolute must. And when the proper precautions are taken, both sports are very safe. That being said, airsoft will be too painful and scary for many prospective players. If the absence of danger and pain are your main criteria for airsoft vs paintball, then paintball is your best option.…

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To Train For Endurance in Soccer by Enhancing Core-Breathing in the Game

How to breathe during your exercises program and during training is a foundation to how you breathe while you are competing. To have high endurance begins with your breathing ability in competition which will give muscles more energy to work with as you are playing soccer. Developing techniques to breathe while you exercise and how to breathe in competition, gives the edge in high competition by letting the body tap into a persons physical source of energy to keep playing longer then anyone else. Core/breathing is a interactive relationship, for the more you use the core movement, the more breath can be develop, then using the core to manage the breath flow during competition which enhances physical endurance. The ideas behind the power of core/breathing is how they are link together thereby they can be develop for greater endurance that enhances performance.

Looking at soccer physical demands on the body with the rules of the sport determines the exercises and training program that focus on physical endurance that is required for the sport. Soccer focus on the lower part of the body to run, to do sprints and the need to control the ball and kicking ability and foot movement and balance ability these are lower body developments. The body has to have good muscle tone over all to support the development of the core area to the feet muscles. Keep in mind there is general toning of the body but then there is the development of the muscles to do the sport. Breathing usage and development should be the foundation of doing exercises from stretching by using your breath to relax muscles and breathing through the nose as you run and move the core. Development of short inhales and long exhales as a exercise to change the stress energy in shoulders and let the mind feel the connection to movement of the body. Coordination is a energy link between the mind and body.

Balance is key component within the movement in playing soccer and the development of balance is directly related to the core strength then related to feet strength. The relationship to core force and feet strength forms the force that is balance in movement during the game. The other half is how long can you play at a high level is directly related to breath ability. To stay in the game, its about breathing ability while you are playing.

The power of core/breathing is a method of how to enhance performance within your exercises and in your existing physical movement in soccer. Energizing your muscles and giving your mind more directional force ability is directly related to breathing and strength within the core and how you control your exhale as your running affects how long you can run. Recovery of your energy and then strength relates to breathing within the core, so training should include core/breathing techniques that relates to soccer that will enhance performance in your game.

If a players wants to enhance their endurance on …

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