The Role of the Match Commissioner in the Game of Football

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The roles of match commissioners in modern-day football cannot be compromised considering their importance to the success of a game. Beginning from their appointment down to their individual character, care must be taken to ensure that the right persons are appointed to commission a match.

As part of their attributes, they must have sound knowledge of the laws of the game and the rules governing any competition. The ability to take prompt and accurate decision and maintain a sound comportment is the hallmarks of a good match commissioner. He/she must also be courageous and bold especially when a game is getting out of hand.

five specific roles

  • carry out joint inspection of the field of play prior to the start of a game

The state of a football pitch is very important in a game of football. A field that is water-logged or unmarked may not be suitable for a standard game of football. The pitch must also have perimeter fencing to avoid encroachment.

  • ensure that there is adequate security arrangement pt in place by the host team

Security is one of the most important aspects of the game of football as violence can erupt in the course of play. The presence of mobile and regular policemen cannot therefore be compromised. The match commissioner has a duty to insist that the match be discontinued if there is no adequate security for the match officials.

  • presides over the meeting of referees and officials of both teams prior to the start of a game

A meeting of all stakeholders is usually held in the morning prior to be kick-off of the match. Some issues usually discussed include security, medical, colors of jersey to be used by both teams and general admonition by the match officials on the need to observe the spirit of fair play before, during and after the game. This meeting is usually chaired by the match commissioner.

  • ensure that unauthorized persons or objects do not enter the field or stadium

It is the duty of the match commissioner to ensure that the match venue is free of unauthorized persons and objects in the course of the game. He watches the match in a good position and observes the performance of the referee and his assistants.

  • submit a detailed report

He submits a detailed report of the match to the appropriate football authority within 48 hours after the match. The report will include virtually everything that occurred before, during and after the match. In conclusion he must ensure that match officials are given their entitlement by the organizers in accordance to the provisions and regulations of the game.…

How to Choose the Best MMA Shorts

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Just like the sport of mixed martial arts has evolved, so has the competition gear athletes wear during combat. During its humble beginnings as an underground, bare knuckle, anything goes format, athletes wore whatever helped them survive and win. This included anything from going shirtless to wearing full martial arts gis. With the emergence of the UFC came a minimal set of rules and standardization of gear as well as a wider, much more accepting viewing audience. Now, standard protective equipment include a pair of fingerless 4oz. gloves, mouthguard and groin cup. The uniform seen worn by most fighter is simple… a pair of fight shorts.

With mixed martial arts being comprised of numerous fighting disciplines, apparel worn for practice and actual combat must have certain features to accommodate whichever style the athlete specializes in. Regardless of individual style preferences or what discipline the athlete may have started with, fight shorts must have features that will allow both grappling and high kicking. While some styles of shorts definitely work better for certain fighting disciplines, there are still some general features that are must-haves regardless of what your favorite moves are. For example good fight shorts must have exceptionally durable material to withstand being slid and scrubbed against the floor and cage walls of the ring. Look for shorts with material that has an elastic property that will stretch against the bends of the hips and legs for the best range of motion. Shorts with materials that have less give may be very limiting for certain techniques.

When shopping for fight shorts, choose above the knee lengths to avoid trapping the material within the knee joint when grappling and ground fighting. Fight shorts should not be tight (unless they are compression gear) and best if comprised of slick type material rather than rough, canvas type to prevent friction against the mat or your opponent. The waist of good fight shorts should be comfortable but above all secure so they stay put. Some shorts have elastic waistbands while others offer Velcro enclosures but all should have a draw string of some sort for a tighter, more adjustable fit. Do not wear shorts with pockets or loops of any kind or they can get snagged during combat. Good fight shorts will be smooth all over the sleekest action and best performance.

If you want to be a pro MMA fighter, it’s smart to emulate what the pros do and copy what they wear when they’re in the cage. Even though your style of fighting may be different than theirs, doing this will at least give you a place to start. It seems the most popular MMA shorts are knee length and look like they could double as a pair of board shorts you also see surfers wearing at the beach. This style of shorts offer a comfortable fit with just enough snug in the hips but still plenty of room in the thighs to feel secure while pulling off all your moves. The …

Networking – Facts to Ponder

Right here in Europe, the very last continent to enter into its growth cycle, there is only around 0.5{5807dd84655f4134ecd9e5329f6029a509ca345e8618f0c2e20323bdeed6de70} involved and we are right at the very beginning of our growth cycle in network marketing. This tells us categorically that over the next ten years there is going to be a massive shift towards network marketing in Europe as in every other country worldwide.

You are sitting at a place in Europe that won’t ever happen again in the history of network marketing. There has to be a further 26 million people in mainland Europe, and a further 3 million in the U.K. have to join this industry to catch up with the ‘average’ level of involvement of all the other countries that have already experienced the 10 years growth cycle.

We are even more fortunate to be associated with the best company, as Kleeneze has more than ten times the network marketing industry’s average of sales per agent, due to the catalogue concept of moving its products and having the right range at the right price. The core range of products is aimed at the items people spend their monthly budget on just to run and clean the home, so even in times of recession, our products move freely. This is because Kleeneze is a 79 year old successful retailing company with an immense amount of experience of the type of product that moves easily and repeatedly. The three trends that are driving this industry forward as in all other countries of the world are:

o General shift towards self-employment (there just isn’t the jobs there used to be and never will be again)

o Home shopping – the fastest trend in retailing worldwide (which our catalogues service!)

o People’s quest for a better lifestyle – they no longer want to work 40 or 50 hours a week just to pay bills.

Every massively wealthy person in history has attributed their success to two predominant factors:

1) Being in the right place at the right time

2) Taking BIG action

YOU ARE IN THE RIGHT PLACE AT THE RIGHT TIME WITH KLEENEZE; IT JUST REMAINS FOR YOU TO RECOGNISE IT AND THEN TAKE BIG ACTION!

Avon has over 160,000 agents in the UK alone. Kleeneze has only 14,000 active agents (with a product range right across the board!). Do the sums; the potential future growth is staggering and that’s before expansion into Europe!

Other network marketing companies around the world are producing current incomes of much more than £1 million a year. With sales averages of only one tenth of what Kleeneze’s, then what will we be achieving in ten, fifteen years from now? We already have monthly incomes of £20K, £30K and now £50K! This WILL BE pocket change by comparison, ten to fifteen years from now.

The Kleeneze Opportunity

Kleeneze was set up in 1923 by a man named Harry Crook (b.1889) in Bristol. It was originally called the Kleen-E-Ze Brush Company and it was not until …

Do Your Basketball Shoes Improve Your Game?

If Basketball is your sport, you know it can be hard on your body, especially your feet. Playing this sport requires you to be in the best physical shape you can possibly be in. In a swift, fast-paced game of basketball, which can be hard on your joints, muscles, and especially your feet – You need to be flexible, as well as fast, when it comes to moving the court, keeping your balance steady while playing, passing and scoring.

Besides walking and running on and across the court, high intense jumping will score you points, but the added strain on your feet, requiring a responsive, comfortable, yet sturdy shoe made with the most advanced engineering will move you forward in the game. Just think about how much stopping and starting that you do during an intense 5 minutes of hard play. Are you an indoor player, maybe that lives on the east coast somewhere? Or, do you play outdoors all year round. If so, durability may be your number one concern. This is something to think about while deciding what type of basketball shoe is best for you. Do you need extra ankle support, or is cushioning your biggest preference?

If you’re looking great styling, and performance (and have to have a Nike shoe), Jordan’s are a definite favorite. With many models, colors and styles to choose from. Some insist that Jordans 23 (Jordan XX3) is by far the best Jordan basketball shoe ever to come out. A truly superior basketball shoe. The styling, support, revved-up performance, and luxury feel make this a must have. Other’s say the shoe is uncomfortable in the outer toe area. Still those who favor these shoes, say you can’t get performance, gripability, and technical design anywhere else.

Many Adidas basketball shoes are a first choice for style and comfort on and off the court. It all depends on your personal preference, and the shape of your foot. The Adidas commander is a favorite among many players, with sleek styling, superior cushioning, support and non-marking traction control. If you’re looking for a lightweight shoe, The Adidas Commander LT will perform excellently in cross-court maneuvering, with it’s lightweight feel, and slick design. These are breathable shoes, with padded insole, herringbone pattern outsole for steady breakaways. The Adidas TS Bounce Commander has similar styling, with Bounce cushioning technology for responsive, springy feel and steady performance.

Another popular basketball Jordan shoe is Jordans 6 Rings, which combines details from all of the Jordan shoes that Michael wore during the winning NBA Championships games. So take your pick. Buy your old favorite in a new color, or try something new, and see how your game improves. Feel the response, comfort and power in your shoes, and just focus on the game. That’s what it’s all about.…

Wrestling: How a Pudgy Kid Became an Olympic Champion

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The Olympic champion wrestler Dave Schultz was known as “Pudge” in wrestling circles. He was a little bit chubby in his younger days. In fact, Dave’s friend Steve Holt stated in an article that Dave was a complete butterball with no well-defined muscles when in high school. He claims that Dave would often be mistaken for a score keeper or a trainer.

Steve first met Dave at a weekend tournament that Steve was wrestling in during his high school years. Steve states, “I noticed this fat, pudgy freshman kid sitting in the bleachers observing me during each round. He was watching and studying me like a scientist does with a white lab rat in a maze. I believe he was even taking down notes!”

According to Jim Humphrey, former head coach at Indiana University, “He didn’t look like an athlete, with his slumped shoulders, shuffling gait, and being pigeon-toed. He wasn’t particularly fast.”

So, what set Dave “Pudge” Schultz apart from other wrestlers? How did he become so dominant?

Sought Out Mentors

The young Dave Schultz became a wrestling fanatic. He couldn’t get enough. He wanted to learn the best techniques he could and sought out ways to get in extra practice time.

For instance, Chris Horpel first met Dave when Horpel was already an NCAA All-American wrestler for Stanford. The 14-year-old Dave walked over from Palo Alto High, asking the 21-year-old Horpel to wrestle with him. Horpel agreed, hoping to get rid of Dave after a few sessions. To his surprise, Dave kept coming back.

According to a Sports Illustrated article entitled “Brothers and Brawlers,” “Dave, dyslexic as a child, had taken up wrestling in the seventh grade on the advice of a teacher who thought it would help him build self-confidence. It did that and more. By his freshman year at Palo Alto High, Dave was a wrestling fanatic. He wore his singlet under his school clothes and his wrestling shoes everywhere. He trained as many as three times a day. After his high school workout, he’d ride his bike a few miles up the road so he could practice with the Stanford wrestling team, whose coach, Joe DeMeo, would then drive him 30 miles north to Skyline College for a session with a club called the Peninsula Grapplers.”

Dedication

Dave Schultz wasn’t a wrestling prodigy. He was dominant right from the beginning. It took time and dedication.

Dave Schultz had dyslexia and was teased and made fun of by other kids. When Dave first stepped on the wrestling mat in the seventh grade, he was clumsy and uncoordinated. He didn’t even make the varsity team and while wrestling JV he won only half of his matches. Many kids would have given up and found a new sport or hobby but not Dave. He was determined, and within two years was ranked the second best wrestler in the world for his age group.

I’ve already noted that Dave Schultz practiced a lot. He put in more hours …

Ancient Japanese Culture and Modern Japan – The Impacts Seen Today

This is a broad ranging topic that requires an exhaustive account of history and sociology. Since I live in Japan I will give you just a few points to explore based on my experience living and working here in Japan. How has Japan changed since ancient times to the present has a lot to do with the national identity and character associated with Japanese culture.

In Ancient Japan, the Japanese were an agrarian people. They toiled in their fields and farmlands yielding crops, vegetable, and fruit that they would either sell on the market, trade with others, or give to marauding samurai. In terms of wealth the Japanese were poor, but they shared what they had. They were generous and thoughtful.

There was a strong sense of community amongst the Japanese people and a strong devotion to the hierarchy. That means following socially acceptable norms of the times, and not questioning this hierarchy nor the government. You did what you were told.

Strong community cohesiveness was very important for the Japanese back then, even during the most difficult of times. Giving was more important than receiving. Trust was not earned, it was given regardless of who you were. Your word was your bond.

Virtues such as patience, kindness, mercy, and devotion to the martial spirit were common place. Letters and the arts flourished in ancient Japan and people strove to excel in these areas. There was a sense of wholesomeness and purity that transcended money and power.

Modern Japan has all but forgotten about the core virtues. Many of them focus only on their jobs and careers while caring very little about other people. Trust no longer exists outside of each person’s closed community, and people no longer greet strangers nor do they open their doors to them. The computer is the new paradigm for socializing. Young people have become more withdrawn from society, no longer able to deal with the pressures of dating, marriage, and career.

Many young working professionals have settled for mediocre positions within their companies because they have no interest in being promoted. Japanese culture has lost a lot of its appeal with the younger generation. Japanese kids are more interested in Christmas and Halloween and celebrations that have nothing to do with their own culture and history. Selfishness has replaced generosity. The ancient ways of Bushido are no longer taught in modern academia, and is considered old and outdated. Where there was trust, now there is fear. Where there was hope, now there is doubt.

What’s left are fragmented pieces of Japan’s culture. You can still see the culture in its cuisine, but little by little you see more fusion concepts being adapted into Japanese cooking. National sports such as Sumo, Judo, and Kendo are no longer considered sacred and pure, now these sports are tainted in scandal over criminal allegations of misconduct.

You can still see the beautiful kimonos being worn on special occasions. Classical theater can still be enjoyed. Japan still observes its …

History of Cheerleading

The history of cheerleading originates from the United States in the late 1880’s with your average crowd yelling and chanting to encourage their team. No one is quite sure how they documented that it was the first cheer ever but credit is given to Princeton University in 1884 for coming up with a Princeton cheer and marking there place in cheerleading history.

Then a few years later, the Princeton grad Tom Peebles brought cheering to the University of Minnesota. But it wasn’t until 1898 that fellow University of Minnesota student Johnny Campbell directed what was the very first cheer ever in November of 1898. The story is that Minnesota was having such a terrible football season that people felt the need to come up with positive chants and cheering was born. Minnesota went on to organize a male cheer squad in 1903 and organized the first cheerleading fraternity in the history of cheerleading, Gamma Sigma. Ironically enough cheerleading started out as an all male sport, it was felt there deep loud voices were more projecting than a woman’s voice. It wasn’t until the 1920’s that women became much more involved in cheerleading and began to incorporate gymnastics, pyramids and throws. Today, youth cheerleading is predominantly made up of female cheerleaders however college cheerleading is still about fifty percent male.

Well, the students cheered all they could for Minnesota yet they still got beat. It was a student’s scientific thesis that positive fan support would actually help send positive energy toward there team and assist them in winning. Well, the cheer wasn’t enough to garner a win but it did create a new sport. University of Minnesota stuck with the idea and eventually began to have an organized group of cheers at every game

The evolution of cheerleading to a sport was again developed by The University of Minnesota as the women became known for there athletic ability by including gymnastics in their routines. Then in the 1930’s the sport developed into much more of a display of showmanship as the athletes become much more entertaining and fun to watch. The megaphone would become the next big addition to cheerleading history in the early 1900’s and the pom pom which was introduced by Lawrence Herkimer really gave cheerleading a symbol to hang its hat on.

Herkimer has to be seen as the grandfather of cheerleading. He has done so much for the history of cheerleading by founding the National Cheerleading Association at S M U and holding cheerleading schools way back in 1946 and ’47. Herkimer’s camps have now grown to over twenty thousand attendees.

Today the sport has evolved into a highly athletic and competitive field displaying males and females of incredible talent. Herkimer and University of Minnesota have carved out a unique history of cheerleading.…

What to Do on Corner Kicks in Indoor Soccer

When you’re taking a corner kick in indoor soccer, you have a few choices regarding what you can do and what the rest of the players on your team can do. What you decide depends on several factors that I will outline in this article!

The first thing you need to take into account is that you don’t have much space to run up and kick the ball from, since it is probably situated so close to the boards. This means that you can’t kick the ball with much power, so you need to rely on finesse and placement.

One of the most typical things to do on a corner kick is to kick the ball straight along the boards towards the opponents goal. Your teammates should be in specific positions when you do this. One teammate should be right up next to the goalie, screening them and preventing them from getting to the ball as it goes into the box. Another teammate should be right at the far post of the goal, to tap the ball in if it squirts through the box – and it often will. Finally, a teammate should be at the top of the box, so if the defenders try to clear the ball, your teammate can intercept and take a shot.

Another type of corner kick is to hit the ball back to one of your defenders who is near the midfield line. This is effective for a few reasons. First of all, it opens up the whole field to you. Your defender can hit the ball to either side of the field, instead of just into the middle, like when you’re taking a corner kick. Also, on a corner kick, the opposing defenders are usually all in their box, or near it. That means that your defenders are unmarked, and they can take the ball and maybe even take a shot. Finally, it throws the opposing defense into disarray, because they don’t know who should mark your defender.

Another strategy is to kick the ball as hard as you can into the middle of their box. This relies on either your teammates or their team deflecting the ball into the goal. This is used much more in younger leagues, but it can surprise the other team and lead to a goal even in more mature leagues.

Since you now know what to do on corner kicks in indoor soccer, you should try the strategies out! Go out and play a game and test them out – they might even result in a goal or two for you!…

The Tailgate Party and Liability

We're only a few weeks away from the fall football season. Millions of rabid football fans will throw food and beverages into their favorite vehicle and head for the football stadium parking lots. When they arrive, the barbecue grills will come out, tables and chairs will be set up, team flags and banners will go up, and the ice chests will be filled with great beverages.

Now, why would I spoil that festive party atmosphere with an article about liability?

That's simple, my friends. I want to warn you about some very serious issues that could not only spoil your tailgate party, but drastically affect your financial future.

I'll be talking about tailgate parties thrown by both individuals and businesses because some of the potential problems are the same.

Problem Number One: is your legal liability at the football venue. You are parked in a public parking lot. You may be parked in a private lot. But either way, someone else owns the ground on which you sit. So, they could be found legally reasonable in case a guest gets injured on their promises. The problem arises when your participation is included. If you are taking up space with your truck, camper, motor coach or tent, along with tables, chairs, grilles, and such, you are adding to the number of things that could cause a personal injury. Chairs collapse, people trip on things, grilles blow up … and the personal injuries would not have occurred but for your tailgate party.

Problem Number Two: is injury to others from tainted food. Many times, tailgate parties go on for many hours. Food sets out on tables waiting for guests to load up their plates. But if someone gets food poisoning from food they ate at your tailgate party, you could be found liable for their injury, medical costs, loss of income from missing work, or even death.

To minimize your tainted food risk, be careful to keep your hot foods hot and your cold foods cold. Use covered dishes and throwaway plates and utensils. And refuse from serving foods that have a reputation for going bad, like potato salad or seafood.

Problem Number Three: is your legal liability for serving alcoholic beverages. If a guest gets injured at the tailgate party, or in the football stadium, or while driving home, or injures others because he is determined to be drunk, you could have found legally viable for furnishing the alcoholic beverages to him.

If you feel you must furnish alcoholic beverages, consider a drink voucher system to limit the number of drinks served. Or, serve alcohol for only a short period.

Serve plenty of non-alcoholic beverages: water, sodas, juices, coffee, tea.

Arrange transportation for inoxicated guests if they are leaving the tailgate party with some of your booze in their belly. Call a cab, use designed drivers, or get them home in your vehicle.

Do not sell alcoholic beverages at the tailgate party. No cash bar, no cash contribution jar displayed on …

The Secrets to Grow Taller – Start Increasing Your Height Today

Height can be a sensitive issue for many men. Most men feel they need to be a certain height in order to be accepted. The last thing any guy wants is to be shorter than his girlfriend or wife. And you may have tried lifts in the shoes and various supplements with little to no results. But do not give up. There are many other things you can start doing that will help you increase your height naturally. All you must do is continue reading.

The first thing you will want to do is eat better. Changing your current diet will be priority one. You will want to create a well balanced and healthy diet. It should include things such as fruits, green vegetables, milk and lots of protein. By choosing foods like these more often will help you start increasing your height. It will be important that at this time you stay away from junk food. No more eating those foods high in sugar and fat. They will do no good for your health or height. In fact what they will end up doing is stunting your growth. And that is not what you will want at this time.

Once you have created a well balanced diet you will want to begin exercising. Exercise is a big part of getting taller. You will need to start getting active a few times a week. This can include doing things such as swimming, playing basketball or doing yoga. Sports that help you extend your body vertically like basketball are great. Why do you think basketball players are so tall? It’s because they have learned how to extend their muscles vertically. And this is something you will need to begin working on. So make sure you start getting out there and shoot hoops with friends.

The last thing you will want to do is alter your sleeping patterns. You will need to be getting enough rest each night. And the average amount you will need is around 8 to 9 hours. What resting will do is help relieve stress and other strains from your body. And those are two things that can cause interference with growth.

So if you want to start increasing your height naturally then you need to start using these tips. Diet, exercise and proper sleep is what it will take to help you get taller. You will no longer be known as the short guy on the block. Instead you will soon be able to increase your height by a few inches.…

Different Types of Fishing For Different Types of Folks

Fishing as a hobby, as well as a profession, comes in different types. For those who are inclined to enter as a sports hobby, here are some general information about the different types of fishing which you might venture in.

Fly fishing is the most known type to catch trout and salmon with its ancient angling method. This type of is usually in fresh or salt water areas and fly fishers uses fly rod and a fly line tool casting artificial flies.

Fishing line also uses the angling method just like the fly fisher. Basically catches their targets with a fishing rod consisting of line and a hook attached to it. Forms of fishing line include trolling and long line fishing. Trolling style joins fish by pulling the lure in the water and this is more common for big game fish like tuna and marlin. Long line fishing, on the other hand, is more of the commercial fishing in which fisherman will use one fishing line with thousands of baited hooks.

Hand fishing engages the hands in this form typically used in pearl or lobster diving. Others use a line that contains weight and lure. Different countries have different terms when using hand fishing for different kind of fish. In the US, they call it noodling when they fish for catfish. In the British Isles, the term trout tickling is termed to those who catch trout.

Some fisherman prefers a more primitive attack when fishing which they call Bow fishing. Just like the term itself, the fisherman will stand above the water and use a bow to shoot the fish

For fisherman who does not have boats or for those who have boats but are not that secure in navigating in certain areas they do the Kite fishing. This type of fishing attaches the kite to a fishing line.

When a fisherman scoops up sea life by hauling a chain mesh from their fishing down to the seabed, then they are dredging. It is usually done if they wanted to catch scallops and oysters.

So there you go, find your own type of fishing and see what you would enjoy best. …

Contribution of Different Disciplines to Leisure and Tourism Studies

Leisure and tourism studies are characterized by a diversity of approaches which come from different disciplines and use a variety of methods. As a result, studies often use an inter-disciplinary or multi-disciplinary approach, drawing on different frames of reference and different methodological approaches for conducting studies. To this end, researchers involved in doing research projects should take into consideration the research questions they want to answer based on the purpose of the research, such as whether to do a research study to build on the academic store of knowledge or to do a study for a professional client or business organization that is interested in research for marketing purposes. A researcher might regard these different approaches like a tool-kit which he or she can draw on, as appropriate, for doing a study on a particular topic for a particular purpose.

The different disciplines which have different approaches include these:

– the sociological approach, which has provided much of the foundation for leisure research, though much less for tourism studies. The sociological approach involves three major thrusts. One is doing social surveys, some of which is done for pragmatic reasons, and this is considered social research rather than truly academically-oriented sociological research. Such surveys involve a quantitative approach, based on using statistics and mathematical models of human behavior to make predictions about human behavior. This is sometimes called the “surveys and modeling approach.” A second sociological approach seeks to explain why people behave as they do in choosing the leisure activities they engage in; it is designed to look at the meaning of leisure participation or non-participation to different groups of people. One such approach to discovering meaning is the existential and symbolic interaction approach, which considers the way people negotiate their leisure participation in light of their relationships of different types – from personal and social relationships to their relationships with their community and networks at work. Finally, a third sociological approach is the critical approach which has taken various forms. One is the neo-Marxist approach which has looked at the way in which individuals can act freely and the degree to which they are constrained and influenced by the structure of their society. A key aspect of this approach has been criticizing the capitalist system for exploiting or manipulating people within the system who have little power. Numerous streams of critical theory have influenced this perspective over the last few decades, including the feminist perspective that has looked at the way women have responded to leisure in light of their lesser power in society. Some other critical approaches have included postmodernism, which has explored the role of electronic communications and the cultural artifacts produced by it. It has been especially interested in the content of these expressions of culture rather than in the behavior of the people creating those cultural artifacts.

– the geographic approach, which have been especially interested in the way spaces and landscapes affect people’s behavior and their perception of those spaces and landscapes, especially in …