The Role of the Match Commissioner in the Game of Football

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The roles of match commissioners in modern-day football cannot be compromised considering their importance to the success of a game. Beginning from their appointment down to their individual character, care must be taken to ensure that the right persons are appointed to commission a match.

As part of their attributes, they must have sound knowledge of the laws of the game and the rules governing any competition. The ability to take prompt and accurate decision and maintain a sound comportment is the hallmarks of a good match commissioner. He/she must also be courageous and bold especially when a game is getting out of hand.

five specific roles

  • carry out joint inspection of the field of play prior to the start of a game

The state of a football pitch is very important in a game of football. A field that is water-logged or unmarked may not be suitable for a standard game of football. The pitch must also have perimeter fencing to avoid encroachment.

  • ensure that there is adequate security arrangement pt in place by the host team

Security is one of the most important aspects of the game of football as violence can erupt in the course of play. The presence of mobile and regular policemen cannot therefore be compromised. The match commissioner has a duty to insist that the match be discontinued if there is no adequate security for the match officials.

  • presides over the meeting of referees and officials of both teams prior to the start of a game

A meeting of all stakeholders is usually held in the morning prior to be kick-off of the match. Some issues usually discussed include security, medical, colors of jersey to be used by both teams and general admonition by the match officials on the need to observe the spirit of fair play before, during and after the game. This meeting is usually chaired by the match commissioner.

  • ensure that unauthorized persons or objects do not enter the field or stadium

It is the duty of the match commissioner to ensure that the match venue is free of unauthorized persons and objects in the course of the game. He watches the match in a good position and observes the performance of the referee and his assistants.

  • submit a detailed report

He submits a detailed report of the match to the appropriate football authority within 48 hours after the match. The report will include virtually everything that occurred before, during and after the match. In conclusion he must ensure that match officials are given their entitlement by the organizers in accordance to the provisions and regulations of the game.…

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How to Choose the Best MMA Shorts

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Just like the sport of mixed martial arts has evolved, so has the competition gear athletes wear during combat. During its humble beginnings as an underground, bare knuckle, anything goes format, athletes wore whatever helped them survive and win. This included anything from going shirtless to wearing full martial arts gis. With the emergence of the UFC came a minimal set of rules and standardization of gear as well as a wider, much more accepting viewing audience. Now, standard protective equipment include a pair of fingerless 4oz. gloves, mouthguard and groin cup. The uniform seen worn by most fighter is simple… a pair of fight shorts.

With mixed martial arts being comprised of numerous fighting disciplines, apparel worn for practice and actual combat must have certain features to accommodate whichever style the athlete specializes in. Regardless of individual style preferences or what discipline the athlete may have started with, fight shorts must have features that will allow both grappling and high kicking. While some styles of shorts definitely work better for certain fighting disciplines, there are still some general features that are must-haves regardless of what your favorite moves are. For example good fight shorts must have exceptionally durable material to withstand being slid and scrubbed against the floor and cage walls of the ring. Look for shorts with material that has an elastic property that will stretch against the bends of the hips and legs for the best range of motion. Shorts with materials that have less give may be very limiting for certain techniques.

When shopping for fight shorts, choose above the knee lengths to avoid trapping the material within the knee joint when grappling and ground fighting. Fight shorts should not be tight (unless they are compression gear) and best if comprised of slick type material rather than rough, canvas type to prevent friction against the mat or your opponent. The waist of good fight shorts should be comfortable but above all secure so they stay put. Some shorts have elastic waistbands while others offer Velcro enclosures but all should have a draw string of some sort for a tighter, more adjustable fit. Do not wear shorts with pockets or loops of any kind or they can get snagged during combat. Good fight shorts will be smooth all over the sleekest action and best performance.

If you want to be a pro MMA fighter, it’s smart to emulate what the pros do and copy what they wear when they’re in the cage. Even though your style of fighting may be different than theirs, doing this will at least give you a place to start. It seems the most popular MMA shorts are knee length and look like they could double as a pair of board shorts you also see surfers wearing at the beach. This style of shorts offer a comfortable fit with just enough snug in the hips but still plenty of room in the thighs to feel secure while pulling off all your moves. The …

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History of Changes in Soccer Football Rules – A Thorough Look

History of Changes in Soccer Football Rules – Introduction

It should be noted that the primary motive for all the official changes in football rules is to improve the spirit of the game and make the game better in every possible way. Essentially, we will look at the major changes in the 19th century and the 20th century. As one can understand after going through this article, the game has undergone considerable changes in its rules over a period of time and this will be an ongoing process. As times change and new exploits are pointed out, the official game rules will continue to change either to fix or to improve the game.

Early Rules Changes

We should not forget that soccer existed hundreds of years before and people used to play football with varying rules during the initial days of football.

There were no proper common rules before 1863 to govern the game and changes in football rules were frequent during those initial periods. One of such two early rules that gained popularity are the Cambridge rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848 and the Sheffield Football Club rules, formed by former public school pupils in 1857.

During the early 1860s, there were increasing attempts in England to unify and reconcile the various football games that were played in the public schools as well in the industrial north under the Sheffield Rules.

19th Century Changes

The first uniform football rules and regulations were formed in the year 1863.The Cambridge Rules are taken as a base and are rewritten to arrive at the first official laws of the game. In the year 1866, the offside law is changed to allow players to be onside provided there are three players between the ball and the goal.

The year 1891 is a very important year for soccer rules in particular and the game in general. A game changing rule called “the penalty-kick” was first introduced into the game. A penalty kick is awarded against a team which commits offence within the 18 yard box, also called the penalty box. This changed the game drastically and offered an immense advantage to the team that is awarded a penalty kick.

20th Century Changes

The year 1925 witnessed another major change in soccer “offside” rule. The offside law which is conceived in the year 1866 initially allowed players to be onside provided there are three players between the ball and the goal. The amendment in 1925 changed the number from three to two players.

Substitutes are permitted for the first time in the year 1958. But this confined only for an injured goalkeeper and one other injured player.

Card system is introduced in the year 1970. The system of red and yellow cards is introduced for the 1970 FIFA World Cup finals as a means of warning or penalising a player. Referees indicate that a player has committed an offense and red card represents more serious offense than the yellow card.

In 1990 …

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Build Muscle Faster With Endomorph Body Type Sport Fitness Secrets

If you a stocky, smooth muscled and round in shape; if you are carrying most of your fat in your face (especially your neck and cheeks) around your waist, hips and thighs; you are the classic endomorph. When you are trim and fit, you’re easily mistaken for a mesomorph body type.

The tell-tale fat deposit under the chin and the cheeks begin to show once you slack off from working out and dieting. Since this body type is very efficient at storing calories, they are far less efficient at losing fat. Their metabolic rate is naturally slower than others and makes it that much harder to see results when working out or dieting.

The classic endomorph will have a naturally high degree of body fat, around the midsection. They usually take the shape or pattern of a pear. Overweight endomorphs will have a hard time controlling their weight; (think of Oprah Winfrey or John Goodman). There is a soft smooth look to endomorphs that

The proliferation of fast food restaurants and other convenience foods, make healthy living difficult for you and due to your natural tendency to skip meals when worried or busy, you’re likely to gain weight from eating less!

Classic endomorphs are not always big fans of working out even though they might like to watch sports or play them in a video game. Because this body type is less likely to participate in sports activities, it is essential that they get daily exercise. Unlike the mesomorph or ectomorph who can get away with slacking off for a few days, endomorphs will easily find their bodies slowing down and succumbing to tiredness or fatigue after a few days off.

I belabor this point because although endomorphs tend to be very physically attractive at their optimal bodyweight, they will look and feel drastically different when they let their fat percentage go past 25-30 percent.

The Endomorph Workout

If you hate cardio, sign up right now for a burial plot. High intensity short duration cardio exercise will save your life. Perform cardio routines like jump rope, rebound, boxing, elliptical machine or cycling. Avoid swimming and high impact aerobics. You will love swimming because it’s easy on your body and good for the heart but it will do little to help you lose fat. You’ll hate high impact aerobics if you’re already out of shape. It will leave you feeling tired initially and that alone can discourage most out of shape endomorphs.

Keep the cardio down to 20-30 minutes. The real secret to changing your metabolism will be capitalizing on your asset. Endomorphs build muscle as easily as mesomorphs do.

Muscle Building Workout

The fact is, that many endomorphs try dieting first and lose muscle mass instead of fat. The weight goes down but the metabolism gets slower. Once they switch their diet back to the old way, the fat stores get even bigger and the muscles are still soft. If you are getting back into shape, I recommend compound exercises …

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Basketball Shooting Drills For One Person – 3 Great Solo Basketball Drills

Basketball shooting drills are a great way to improve your shooting accuracy and reliability but a problem with many of them is that they are designed to be done in a team or in pairs or threes. In this article, I will share with you some great solo basketball drills that you can do on your own, almost anywhere.

Bump And Move

Pick 5 spots that are foul line distance from the hoop. Of course, the central spot will be right on the foul line but the others will be slightly in front of it because diagonal shots are automatically longer.

Agree to get a swish before you can move on to the next spot. It can get annoying when you keep failing to get a swish but this is all part of the learning process.

One Handed Flick

Lie back in a reclining chair or on the end of the bed. Somewhere where you can still extend your hand to a small distance behind your head.

Now, toss the ball vertically upwards and catch it again in your hand. This will get you better suited to the weight of the ball. This is extremely important because a good shot is not just about hand-eye coordination. It is also about knowing exactly how much force to apply because you know the characteristics of the ball so well.

Layup To Free Throw Drill

This drill is really fun because there is a lot of variation involved.

Start at the foul line and do 5 layups with your favored hand. Then do 5 layups with your other hand. Finally, shoot 10 regular free throws. You must score at least 7 of them or else you will have to start all over again.

This drill is great for simulating realistic conditions and also getting you to become more natural with your non-dominant hand. Too many players are only one-handed. If you develop your ability to shoot almost as well with your other hand then you will be a great asset to any team.…

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The Everyday Athlete – LASIK Eye Surgery and You

Many people are under the misconception that LASIK eye surgery demands a long recovery where exercise, training and strenuous activities aren’t possible. However, this is a myth; most people are able to return to work the next day and certain levels of exercise are possible shortly after. Now that summer is officially here and people are working and playing outside, this article discusses how LASIK eye surgery benefits the everyday athlete in you.

Running After LASIK

Whether you’re a weekly jogger or marathon veteran, the everyday runner athlete can quickly resume their routine. In just two days after LASIK eye surgery, runners can resume their normal running routine, not even missing half a week of training or body conditioning.

LASIK eye surgery can provide runners with great benefits by eliminating the:

  • Need to clean and find your contacts or glasses before going to the gym or outside to run
  • Burning, stinging and itching symptoms associated with sweat mixing with contacts and contact fluid
  • Difficulty glasses cause when trying to exercise or run
  • Need to stop and clean glasses due to sweat and condensation
  • Risks of breaking or losing your glasses during exercise and training

Swimming After LASIK

Swimming after LASIK eye surgery requires a two-week hiatus after procedure day. It is important to keep water out of your eyes and not submerge your head in water in order to maximize protection from infection and allow your reshaped corneal tissue to heal. Keeping your eyes free of chlorinated water for 14 days also reduces chances for unnecessary dry eye. Ocular dryness is a common post LASIK eye surgery side effect that should be addressed proactively by your LASIK eye surgeon.

Long-term benefits of LASIK for swimmers include:

  • Minimized risks for eye infections, as chlorinated water can cause infections in contact wearers
  • Clear vision while swimming for those who wore glasses and were not able to wear contacts
  • Eliminated expenses for high priced prescription goggles
  • No more lane guesstimation; greatly improved ability to see swimming lanes clearly

Contact Sports After LASIK

Contact sport athletes represent another category of individuals who can quickly regain their playing ability after LASIK eye surgery. However, this category of the everyday athlete does require a little additional care. First, all all-laser, blade free LASIK is particularly important for the contact sport athlete. The reason for this is that a corneal flap made with a laser has a better adherence versus one made with a blade. This is one reason why the military does not allow blade LASIK. After LASIK, in as little as two days, people who like to play contact sports such as racquetball, tennis, volleyball, soccer, basketball, football and baseball can pick up their rackets, knee pads and cleats, as long as reliable protective eye wear is worn. These protective goggles should be worn for an entire month after LASIK, as it is imperative to protect your eyes from sudden jabs, bumps and acute trauma. However, with such durable protective eyewear, LASIK eye surgery patients …

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Soccer Coach’s End of Season Letter to Parents

Parents: we are shifting into indoor soccer mode this week for the winter. I wanted to take a few minutes to let you know how pleased I am with the progress your girls made this fall season. I think you should be very proud of how hard your daughters have been working this year.

Here is an important lesson that sports can teach us if we are willing to learn, and I am happy to say it’s a lesson I think your daughters are learning. Its one that I think should be reinforced.

There are games we win, and games we lose.

There are games we play well and games we don’t play well.

There is an important difference…

If we are in the right division, then our competition should be equally matched on a skill level so that the outcomes of the games are uncertain going in; These are the games and opponents who will push us to stretch just a little bit more beyond what we thought were our limits.

When we are playing well, we are trying our best to use our skills as individuals and as a team, and playing with good sportsmanship. wWe have to be playing hard, we have to be trying for the whole game, we have to face uncertainty and hardship and keep going.

That’s when we are playing well: when we can see the right play and try our best to make the right play, regardless of outcome.

As we improve in our technical skills we will be able to make those plays more and more often, which will cause us to win more, which will move us up into stiffer competition, where the cycle will continue.

The last game of the season for me captured the essence of playing well. Every single girl on the field that day was doing her best to play to the top of her ability. You saw them compete for the full game against a very good team. You saw them weather the attacking storm in the first half, and they not only didn’t break, but they counterattacked and scored the first goal. They came out in the second half and pressed the attack, using their teammates to combine with passes and created a good number of scoring opportunities.

They were not playing kickball; they were trying to play with patience and skill, even when under pressure. They never stopped running, even when they were out of breath. They kept trying to push on.

When I see that, when i see them trying to play the beautiful game with skill, as hard as they can, it really fills me with joy, because they doing what they are supposed to do. They are demonstrating a complete commitment to the team and themselves. They aren’t holding back. To be able to do that when the game is on the line, not knowing how it will turn out, but going for nevertheless, is the highest form of courage.…

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Finding Similarities Between Bets and Life

The Art of Gambling

When you hear the word ‘gamble’ what comes to your mind? Casinos? Well, in future years that latter word may not be as well as associated to gambling as what people know about it now. Due to continuous advancements of today’s minds, you may look at gambling at some other perspective when it comes to the world’s certain future.

Casinos are actually beginning to wear out in both the public eye and in the gambling industry. There is a slow drop of people going to these said destinations as some may not find it as appealing anymore. If people want to keep the gambling industry alive, then it is time for companies and businesses out there to look for new innovations when it comes to this level of revenue.

If you want to know more of these innovations, then here are a few:

Arcade Gambling

Slot machines? That old thing is in the past. The “new age” gamblers tend to favor more of an exciting challenge when it comes to betting and losing their money.

Gamblers, in the recent standard, want to up their game and one certain thing to do that is by the means of applying video games to the gambling scene. Almost any type of game out there could be played by younger generations. That is why the gaming industry is thriving with professional gamers, as this ups the standards of everyday traditions of the early innovations.

Also, people could showcase their skills, while at the same time, interact with a diversity of people in the world. In turn, it would also offer diversity to traditional casino players, as it would give them the choice to either opt for the traditional slot machine or the arcade gaming station.

Betting in Professional Games

Classic games in casinos just don’t work in today’s age as it lack the appeal of a fresh innovation in today’s market and industry standards. Though, sports are on a different plane, as this industry is timeless and is relevant to all generations present today.

Football predictions today are quite a phenomenon to almost any household, bar, or sports center out there. Sports leagues are almost present anywhere today in fact. Betting in sports seem to be the new age of gambling when various groups and platforms tend to commercialize this phenomena.

Take into mind that sports betting is currently illegal to the majority. This may not be illegal for so long as the government have been currently reviewing laws on the new innovations of gambling. It would be soon imminent that sports betting will be made legal as enthusiasts out there tend to favor the idea on their behalf.

Virtual Casinos

If you want to stay at home and just chill, then virtual casinos may be your solution. Having this said innovation will allow you to be mobile in playing and putting your bets anywhere at your convenience.…

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Ohio Weather – Understanding The Seasons

Winter, Spring, Summer or Fall, all you have to do is. . .

Live here!

“How’s the weather?” It’s not just a mundane conversation starter. The weather in Cleveland Ohio is a serious question to many. Many people relocate or have the possibility of relocating to Cleveland and this is a genuinely needed answer. I get asked about the weather frequently by people living in other parts of the country. Some have never seen snow or have heard horrifying tales of our winters. Some don’t consider our summers hot enough for water sports or vacationing. We have the beach and ski slopes, concrete cities and patios for dining, and mature woods and parks for picnics. Cleveland is a mosaic of urban, suburban and rural pleasures. For most people around the country, weather isn’t perceived to be an issue and most are aware of their climate and normal weather activity year round. Some even expect the next day to be similar to the previous. Here in Cleveland, the weather typically fluctuates day to day, week to week and month to month. We have four seasons which complement each other constantly. As a rule, one will glide and transition smoothly into the next. There are surprises along the way and it’s never boring. I enjoy the change and look forward to the beauty in each season. There’s always something new and each day is a gift. We don’t take the seasons for granted and around every corner there is something new. Let me explain. . .

Spring- Just breaking from the winter months, spring is mild and new life begins. Being able to witness this is priceless. After the cold goes away, it’s as though we’re in a totally different place. Tulips and trees begin to blossom, Life is apparent and defined in word wildlife which show signs of happiness. The smells and sights are pleasing to the senses. It’s literally a breath of fresh air. Not too hot and not too cold, appreciated to the fullest.

Summer- The summers in Northeast Ohio are perfect. We experience three plus months of graduated warmth and the days are hot enough to enjoy activities on our fresh water ocean, Lake Erie. Boating, sailing, jet skiing, rowing, parasailing, and swimming are just some of what we offer. We have many beautiful beaches public and private. Edgewater Park offers walking and bike trails and gorgeous sunsets with a full downtown view. Parks are in full bloom and there are plenty of outdoor activities. There are Islands to party and play, amusement parks, carnivals, street art festivals, outdoor concerts on the water, and many sports to enjoy. The temperatures are anywhere from the low 70’s into the high 90’s. Humidity isn’t typically an issue and we don’t generally have the massive daily thunderstorms like in the southern states.

Fall- If you’re having a bad day or life/work has become monotonous for whatever reason, all you have to do is go outside. As simple as it seems, it’s …

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Tips on Purchasing Golf Cart Lights

How do you buy golf cart lights? Lights are necessary for night driving and low light conditions. If you are a resident of an elderly community, a golf cart is a regular sight. You should know how to obtain certain spare parts so that you can fix it up yourself without any help.

Browse the internet for an agency that trades golf cart spares. It is a pretty good resource for easily finding information. After finding them, the lights appropriate your golf cart may be searched. The prices at about six stores must be obtained to get an idea about the price. Online shipping may have discounts available. Ensure the security in the sites.

An online search can reveal the golf cart parts shops in your locality. You can find a closer one if you live in elderly community. After locating a shop, you can call them to check if they have the lights appropriate for your vehicle.

Visit the shops and see if there are the lights available. It will be better if you take the cart to the store or take the light previously used. Then you can be sure it is the correct part.

Sites holding online auctions can also help in finding lights for your carts. Make sure to compare the cost of the light with the prices in other sources. Getting feedback from sellers is also a good idea. Shipping charges should also watch out for else you may end up paying high shipping charges.

After finding out the sources for buying, a decision is to be made from where to buy the lights. Buy one that is of high quality, good convenience, and a decent price. Credit cards may be used to get the required cart lights.

Install the lights and ensure proper fit and working. Use lights while driving the cart at night to lead the way correctly. The correct light for your cart has been found. …

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5 Steps to Become a Physical Therapist in Sports Medicine

Sports medicine is a perfect work setting for physical therapists! Just think, every professional sportsman, be it a dancer, boxer or football player, sometimes needs the help of physical therapist! Injuries and traumas in athletes' lives go together with success! So physical therapists' services are essential for them.

What it takes to become a physical therapist in sports medicine? Here are some steps you have to overcome on your way to becoming a physical therapist. Follow them and you will get a prosperous career in no time!

1. To become a therapist in any field you have to acquire at least a Master's degree. If your interest is sports medicine, get enrolled into the graduate school that focuses on orthopedic or sports therapy. To check the accreditation of physical therapy school visit American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) website. To become a physical therapist in sports medicine you will have to study for 2 years. Think also about getting a doctoral degree in the field. It will take you 3 more years.

2. During your studying in physical therapy school try to find a volunteer or paid work in the field. Where can you look for the practical experience? Well, you may be assisting a school's team therapist, or find a job in rehabilitation center. Every bit of experience can benefit you in future!

3. Find out about requirements for licensing in your state. In general, you will need a Master's degree from accredited physical therapy school and good scores on National Physical Therapy Examination. Still, your state may have some additional requirements for becoming a therapist in sports medicine. Contact your state licensing department and find out about the procedure in your area.

4. After becoming a therapist in sports medicine join the APTA. Why should you do this? Well, it will give you access to the various seminars, conferences and continuing education courses. You will always be aware of all the new foundations and techniques in the area. Therefore, you will be able to consistently improve your knowledge and professional skills.

5. Always remain in good physical shape! Becoming a physical therapist in sports medicine requires strong and fit body. You will have to use your muscles on the daily basis! How do you imagine this being weak? So improve not only your professional skills, but also your overall fitness.

Follow these steps and your way to becoming a physical therapist in sports medicine will be fast and easy. So what are you waiting for? Start working for your future success right now! …

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Top Black History Heroes From Texas

There are many notable black historic figures from Texas. Each of them made significant contributions to black history of not only Texas, but the nation at large. Black Texans have made major contributions in politics, military events, music, and sports. The accomplishments of those Texans continue being discussed in history classes and homes throughout the nation.

After surviving the 1900 Galveston storm, Arthur ‘Jack’ Johnson went on to make a name for himself in the world of boxing. At that time, boxing for money was considered a criminal activity, even though it was popular. In Texas, heavyweight boxing matches were illegal. Some of the governors of that period sent Texas Rangers out to shut down boxing matches.

Johnson became known as “Papa Jack” or the “Galveston Giant”, Johnson won the heavyweight boxing title in 1908, a time filled with racial tensions. He defeated Tommy Burns for the title in Sydney, Australia. Since many whites disliked him winning the title, a follow up match was arranged with James Jeffries, who was brought out of retirement for the special fight. Jeffries was known as “The Great White Hope” in the publicity leading up to the fighting match. When Johnson defeated Jeffries, race riots broke out in many cities in the aftermath. The State of Texas went so far as to pass laws forbidding the showing of films in Texas documenting what occurred based on fears that it would incite race riots. Johnson later claimed further fame as an inventor for inventing a new type of wrench.

Another ground breaking Texan was Bessie Coleman. As a young woman, Bessie was fascinated with airplanes and flight. In the aftermath of World War I, Bessie traveled to France in order to obtainer pilot’s license, since women were not allowed licensure as pilots at that time. She broke ground for being one of the first woman aviators along with being the first black aviator. After obtaining her license, she traveled the nation teaching other black women to fly at her exhibitions.

The Texan, Scott Joplin also established new frontiers in music. Joplin grew up in Texarkana, Texas where a teacher saw his potential musical talent and worked to develop it. Joplin went on to develop a musical style known as ragtime. Joplin referred to himself as the “King of Ragtime”. His music gained popularity through ‘piano rolls’. The rolls enabled the player pianos to reproduce the sounds. Joplin’s distinctive sounds became foundational in the later development of a musical genre known as ‘jazz’. He also produced a grand opera, entitled Treemonisha, which received a Pulitzer Prize after his death.

When the world went to war, one of those who served was Doris Miller. This young man from Texas served as a mess attendant on the battleship, USS West Virginia, stationed at Pearl Harbor. When the Japanese attacked the American naval forces on December 7, 1941, Miller took action. When a nearby machine gun crew could no longer operate their weapon, he stepped up and proceeded to …

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